Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. The greatest part of the population are agriculturalists, contributing 46% to the regional gross domestic product. In early November 2020, the region and the Ethiopian federal government entered into conflict, which rapidly escalated into an outright war.
About Tigray Region in brief
Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. Tigray had 4,316,988 inhabitants at the last Census in 2007; the latest official estimate was 5,247,005 inhabitants. The greatest part of the population are agriculturalists, contributing 46% to the regional gross domestic product. In early November 2020, the region and the Ethiopian federal government entered into conflict, which rapidly escalated into an outright war. The government of Tigray is composed of the executive branch, led by the President; the legislative branch, which comprises the State Council; and the judicial branch, leading by the state Supreme Court. The region is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, the Amhara Region to the south and the Afar Region to east and south east. There is also the historically significant town of Yeha. The Kingdom of Aksum was a trading empire centered in Eritrea and northern Ethiopia. It existed from approximately 100–940 AD, growing from the proto-Aksumite Iron Age period c. 4th century BC to achieve prominence by the 1 century AD. It was built by the son of Caberstaber, who used the name “Ethiopia” as early as the 4th Century BC. Today, the city of Akum was once a bustling metropolis, now a smaller community of smaller, smaller communities.
The most recent research, however, shows that Ge’ez, the ancient Semitic language spoken in Eritre and northern Ethiopian in ancient times, is not derived from Sabaean. Some modern historians including Stuart Munro-Hay, Rodolfo Fattovich, Ayele Bekerie, Cain Felder, and Ephraim Isaac consider this civilization to be indigenous. The kingdom developed irrigation schemes, used plows, grew millet, and made iron tools and weapons. After the fall of Dʿmt in the 5th centuryBC, the plateau came to be dominated by smaller unknown successor kingdoms. This lasted until the rise of one of these polities during the first century BC, the AksUMite Kingdom. It is now believed that Sabaeans influence was minor, limited to a few localities, and disappeared after a few decades or a century, perhaps representing a trading or military alliance with the civilization of D’Mt or some other proto-Mt state. The capital of the kingdom, Maziyopisush, was later moved to Aksumsum, now in northern Ethiopia, and used as the cultural and economic center of the region. Two streams lie on the east and west of the area; perhaps providing the initial impetus for the initial settling of this area. Today the most important city of this region is the town of Adigrat, which is located in the east of the most fertile expanses of the Ethiopian plateau.