Thunder Bay, Ontario
Thunder Bay is a city in and the seat of Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canada. It is the most populous municipality in Northwestern Ontario and the second most populous municipality in Northern Ontario. The city takes its name from the immense Thunder Bay at the head of Lake Superior, known on 18th-century French maps as Baie du Tonnerre.
About Thunder Bay, Ontario in brief
Thunder Bay is a city in and the seat of Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canada. It is the most populous municipality in Northwestern Ontario and the second most populous municipality in Northern Ontario. The city takes its name from the immense Thunder Bay at the head of Lake Superior, known on 18th-century French maps as Baie du Tonnerre. European settlement in the region began in the late 17th century with a French fur trading outpost on the banks of the Kaministiquia River. It grew into an important transportation hub with its port forming an important link in the shipping of grain and other products from western Canada, through the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the east coast. Forestry and manufacturing played important roles in the city’s economy. They have declined in recent years, but have been replaced by a \”knowledge economy\” based on medical research and education. Thunder Bay is the site of the Thunder Bay Regional Health Research Institute. The census metropolitan area ofThunder Bay has a population of 121,621 and consists of the city of ThunderBay, the municipalities of Oliver Paipoonge and Neebing, the townships of Shuniah, Conmee, O’Connor, and Gillies, and the Fort William First Nation. It was renamed Port Arthur by the Canadian Pacific Railway in May 1883. The arrival of the CPR in 1875 sparked a long rivalry between the towns, which did not end until their amalgamation in 1970. The CPR double-tracked its Winnipeg–Thunder Bay line. The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway began construction of the Fort.
William Mission in 1905, and federal government started construction of National Railways’ National Line in 1908. Both cities spurned Bell Telephone Company to establish their own municipally-owned electric street-owned telephone systems in 1902. By 1914, Thunder Bay was the first city in the world to enact daylight saving time, on July 1, 1908. A boom came to an end in 1913–1914, aggravated by the outbreak of the First World War, when the city had to end its daylight saving program. In the era of Sir Wilfrid Laurier,Thunder Bay began a period of extraordinary growth, based on improved access to markets via the transcontinental railway and development of the western wheat boom. In 1859–60, the Department of Crown Lands surveyed two townships and the Town Plot of Fort William for European-Canadian settlement. Another settlement developed a few miles to the north of Fort Williams after construction by the federal Department of Public Works of a road connecting Lake Superior with the Red River Colony. The CPR, in collaboration with the Hudson’s Bay Company, preferred east Fort William, where the fur trade posts were. The Province of Canada negotiated the Robinson Treaty in 1850 with the Ojibwa of Lake Dulce. As a result, an Indian reserve was set aside for them south of the Kaministique River. The collapse of silver mining after 1890 undermined the economy of Port Arthur. It had an economic depression, while Fort William thrived.