Rhine campaign of 1796
The rulers of Europe initially viewed the French Revolution as an internal dispute between the French king Louis XVI and his subjects. As revolutionary rhetoric grew more strident, the monarchs of Europe declared their interests as one with those of Louis and his family. The French Revolution was the beginning of the Second World War.
About Rhine campaign of 1796 in brief
In the Rhine campaign of 1796, two First Coalition armies under the overall command of Archduke Charles outmaneuvered and defeated two French Republican armies. This was the last campaign of the War of the First Coalition, part of the French Revolutionary Wars. The rulers of Europe initially viewed the French Revolution as an internal dispute between the French king Louis XVI and his subjects. As revolutionary rhetoric grew more strident, the monarchs of Europe declared their interests as one with those of Louis and his family. Despite Charles’ success in the Rhineland, Austria lost the war in Italy, against Napoleon Bonaparte, which resulted in the Peace of Campo Formio. By 1795, the French army had already made itself odious by its dependence on rumor and general action, through its rapacious dependence on the countryside and on the support of its general officers. The losses of this army in the 1795 Rhine Campaign in the Battle of 1795 disappointed the French public and disappointed the government and public of each of the states involved in the war. The levée en masse created a new army with thousands of illiterate, untrained men placed under the command of officers whose principal qualifications may have been their loyalty to the Revolution instead of their military acumen. The new demi-brigade units, created by the amalgamation of old military units with revolutionary formations, included one unit of the old royalist army and two new units from the two new armies. In 1794, the armies of theFrench Republic were in a state of disruption.
The most radical of the revolutionaries purged the military of all men conceivably loyal to the Ancien Régime. The French Revolution was the beginning of the Second World War, which began in July 1794 and lasted until July 1796. The war was won by the French and ended in September 1798, with the Treaty of Versailles, which ended the First World War. The Treaty was signed by France, Britain, Portugal, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Portugal. It was also signed by the United States, France, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and the Republic of Northern Ireland. The treaty was signed in response to the Declaration of Pillnitz, which threatened ambiguous, but quite serious, consequences if anything should happen to the French royal family. The Declaration was signed on 20 April 1792, when the French National Convention declared war on the Habsburg Monarchy, pushing all of the Holy Roman Empire into war. France ranged itself against most of the European states sharing land or water borders with her, plus Great Britain,. Great Britain, the Kingdom. of Portugal and the Ottomans. French successes varied. from 1793 to 1795,. French successes included the sieges of Kehl and the Hüningen, and forced Moreau’s army back to France. By August, theFrench armies had extended their fronts too thinly and rivalry among the French generals complicated cooperation between the two armies.