Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 square grid. The objective is to checkmate the opponent’s king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. The first generally recognized World Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, claimed his title in 1886.
About Chess in brief
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 square grid. The objective is to checkmate the opponent’s king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. The first generally recognized World Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, claimed his title in 1886. Since 1948, the World Championship has been regulated by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) FIDE also awards life-time master titles to skilled players, the highest of which is Grandmaster. Chess was included in the 2006 and 2010 Asian Games. Online chess has opened amateur and professional competition to a wide and varied group of players. There are many variants of chess that utilize different rules, pieces, or chessboards. One of these, Fischer Random Chess, has gained widespread popularity as well as official FIDE recognition. The rules of chess are published by FIDE, chess’s international governing body, in its Handbook. Rules published by national governing bodies, or by unaffiliated chess organizations, commercial publishers, etc. may differ. By convention, chess game pieces are divided into white and black sets. Each set consists of 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns. A piece is moved to either an unoccupied square or occupied by an opponent’s piece, which is removed from play. With the sole exception of enant, which can be decided by a coin toss, the colors are usually allocated by the organizers in informal games, usually in the colors of White and Black.
The game is played on the board of eight rows and eight columns. The 64 squares alternate in color and darkboard is placed with a light square at the right-hand corner nearest to each player. In competitive games, each player starts on a square of its own, with the queen starting on the square nearest to the corner of each player’s hand. The pieces are set out as shown in the diagram and photo. The players of the sets are referred to as white and Black, respectively. The chess board is placed as the dark square at each player, with a white square at its own right- hand corner closest to the center of the board. The player of the set of squares referred to in the light square is referred to by the color of the square in which the player is playing, and a black square is placed next to the white square in the dark row. A player wins the game if the opponent resigns, or in a timed game, runs out of time. Chess engines have been programmed to play with increasing success, to the point that many programs play at a higher level than the best human players. Since the 1990s, computer analysis has contributed significantly to chess theory, particularly in the endgame. The rise of strong chess engines, runnable on hand-held devices, has led to increasing concern about cheating during tournaments. There is also a Correspondence Chess World Championship and a World Computer Chess Championship.