Rambles in Germany and Italy
Rambles in Germany and Italy, in 1840, 1842, and 1843 is a travel narrative by the British Romantic author Mary Shelley. Issued in 1844, it is her last published work. The text describes two European trips that Mary Shelley took with her son, Percy Florence Shelley, and several of his university friends. Shelley describes her journey as a pilgrimage, which will help cure her depression.
About Rambles in Germany and Italy in brief
Rambles in Germany and Italy, in 1840, 1842, and 1843 is a travel narrative by the British Romantic author Mary Shelley. Issued in 1844, it is her last published work. Published in two volumes, the text describes two European trips that Mary Shelley took with her son, Percy Florence Shelley, and several of his university friends. Mary Shelley had lived in Italy with her husband, Percy Bysshe Shelley, between 1818 and 1823. For her, Italy was associated with both joy and grief: she had written much while there but she had also lost her husband and two of her children. Shelley describes her journey as a pilgrimage, which will help cure her depression. At the end of the second trip, Mary Shelley spent time in Paris and associated herself with the “Young Italy” movement, Italian exiles who were in favour of Italian independence and unification. Shelley’s aim was to arouse sympathy in England for Italian revolutionaries, such as Ferdinando Gatteschi. She rails against the imperial rule of Austria and France over Italy and criticises the domination of the Catholic Church. Though Shelley herself thought the work ‘poor’, it found favour with reviewers who praised its independence of thought, wit, and feeling. For most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Shelley was usually known only as the author of Frankenstein and the wife of Percy BySShe Shelley.
The rise of feminist literary criticism in the 1970s provoked a wider interest in Shelley’s entire corpus. The couple’s Italian years were a time of intense intellectual activity and creative activity. Shelley had painted the historical novel, Matperga, and the plays Proserpine and Midas. She also composed a series of major poems and wrote the autobiographical novel, Mary Shelley and Garibaldi, which had been published in 1843. Mary and Percy Shelley had two children, Percy bysshe Shelley and Mary Shelley, had two of their four children died there, as she put it in the novel, Proserpa Valperga. Shelley became a painter herself and painted a series of historical novels, Proserpine and Midas, which she had painted in 1844 and 1844. She had also written the plays Midas and Proserga, which she painted in memory of her late husband, percy shelley, and the historical novel Matperga and Midas in 1844 and 1845. Shelley also wrote the play, Midas, in which she paints the historical narrative of the life of Mary Valperga and her children in Italy. She described the Italians as having an untapped potential for greatness and a desire for freedom. She describes the diversity of Italian dialects spoken on the peninsula caused residents to identify as ‘Romans’ or ‘Venetians’, rather than as ‘Italians’