Project MKUltra was a program of experiments on human subjects by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Experiments on humans were intended to identify and develop drugs and procedures to be used in interrogations in order to weaken the individual and force confessions through mind control. The program also engaged in illegal activities, including the use of U. S. and Canadian citizens as its unwitting test subjects. The project attempted to produce a perfect truth drug for interrogating suspected Soviet spies during the Cold War.
About Project MKUltra in brief
Project MKUltra was a program of experiments on human subjects by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Experiments on humans were intended to identify and develop drugs and procedures to be used in interrogations in order to weaken the individual and force confessions through mind control. The program also engaged in illegal activities, including the use of U. S. and Canadian citizens as its unwitting test subjects, which led to controversy regarding its legitimacy. The project’s intentionally obscure CIA cryptonym is made up of the digraph MK, meaning that the project was sponsored by the agency’s Technical Services Staff. Other related cryptonyms include Project MKNAOMI and Project MKDELTA. According to author Stephen Kinzer, the CIA project “was a continuation of the work begun in WWII-era Japanese facilities and Nazi concentration camps on subduing and controlling human minds” The project attempted to produce a perfect truth drug for interrogating suspected Soviet spies during the Cold War. Subproject 54 was supposed to use sub-aural frequency blasts to erase memory; the program was never carried out. Most MKUltra records were destroyed in 1973 by order of CIA director Richard Helms, so it has been difficult for investigators to gain a complete understanding of the research. The agency poured millions of dollars into studies into ways to influence the influence of mind control and influence the mind of the highest levels at the CIA. The CIA wanted to use similar methods on their own captives, and was interested in manipulating foreign leaders with such techniques, devising several schemes to drug Fidel Castro.
In December 2018, declassified documents included a letter to an unidentified doctor discussing work on six dogs made to run, turn and stop via remote control and brain implants. In 1977, a Freedom of Information Act request uncovered a cache of 20,000 documents relating to project MKUltra that led to Senate hearings later that year. The operation was officially sanctioned in 1953, reduced in scope in 1964 and further curtailed in 1967. It was officially halted in 1973. The aim was to develop mind-controlling drugs for use against the Soviet bloc in response to alleged Soviet, Chinese, and North Korean use ofMind control techniques on U. s. prisoners of war during the Korean War. The scope of Project MK Ultra was broad, with research undertaken at more than 80 institutions, including colleges and universities, hospitals, prisons, and pharmaceutical companies. Some academic researchers were funded through grants from CIA front organizations but were unaware that the CIA was using their work for these purposes. In some cases, top officials at these institutions were aware of the CIA’s involvement, although sometimes top officials were unaware of theCIA’s involvement. It is believed that a mole had penetrated the organization at its highest levels and infiltrated the CIA counter-intelligence chief James Angleton at the height of its counter- espionage efforts in the 1950s and 1960s. In the 1970s, the agency hired Nazi torturers and vivisectionists to continue the experimentation on thousands of subjects, and Nazis brought to Fort Detrick, Maryland, to instruct CIA officers on the lethal uses of sarin gas.