Risk factors for pancreatic cancer include tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, and certain rare genetic conditions. Surgery is the only treatment that can cure pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Early palliative care is recommended even for those receiving treatment that aims for a cure.
About Pancreatic cancer in brief
Pancreatic cancer is the fifth most-common cause of death from cancer in the United Kingdom. Risk factors for pancreatic cancer include tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, and certain rare genetic conditions. The disease occurs most often in the developed world, where about 70% of the new cases in 2012 originated. Surgery is the only treatment that can cure pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and may also be done to improve quality of life without the potential for cure. Early palliative care is recommended even for those receiving treatment that aims for a cure. In 2015, pancreatic cancers of all types resulted in 411,600 deaths globally. The vast majority of cases occur in the part of the pancreas that produces digestive enzymes, known as the exocrine component. The small minority of cancers that arise in the hormone-producing tissue of the Pancreas have different clinical characteristics and are called neuroendocrine tumors, sometimes abbreviated as \”PanNETs\”. Both groups of cancer are more common in people over 40, and are mainly in men and men over the age of 40, but some rare subtypes occur in women or children. About 1–2% of cases of pancreatic tumors are neuroendocrin tumors, which arise from the hormone. These are generally less aggressive than pancreaticAdenocArcinoma. The most common type is pancreaticadenoc Arcinoma, representing about 85% of all cases. This is despite the fact that it arises from the pancreatic ductal epithelium, which constitutes less than 10% of volume in the pancrias.
Nearly all of these start in the ducts of the pancreati, as well as pancreatic ductal carcinomas, which start in the pancreas dental part of the body. The cancer is divided into stages, from early to late, and can be diagnosed by a combination of medical imaging techniques such as ultrasound or computed tomography, blood tests, and examination of tissue samples. Screening the general population has not been found to be effective. The risk of developing pancreati cancer is lower among nonsmokers, and people who maintain a healthy weight and limit their consumption of red or processed meat. Smokers’ chances of developing the disease decrease if they stop smoking and almost return to that of the rest of the population after 20 years. For cancers diagnosed early, the five-year survival rate rises to about 20%. Neuroendocrine cancers have better outcomes; at five years from diagnosis, 65% of those diagnosed are living, though survival varies considerably depending on the type of tumor. The majority of pancreati cancers are found in the exocrine component, which is dominated by women and children. This group is the most common, representing about 80% of all pancreati cancers, and represents the majority of all pancreati-related cancer cases in the U.S.