North Sentinel Island
North Sentinel Island is one of the Andaman Islands, an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal. It is home to the Sentinelese, an indigenous people in voluntary isolation. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Protection of Aboriginal Tribes Act of 1956 prohibits travel to the island and any approach closer than five nautical miles.
About North Sentinel Island in brief
North Sentinel Island is one of the Andaman Islands, an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal which also includes South Sentinel Island. It is home to the Sentinelese, an indigenous people in voluntary isolation who have rejected, often violently, any contact with the outside world. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Protection of Aboriginal Tribes Act of 1956 prohibits travel to the island and any approach closer than five nautical miles. In practice, Indian authorities recognise the islanders’ desire to be left alone and restrict their role to remote monitoring; they do not prosecute them for killing people. The Sentinelese have repeatedly attacked approaching vessels. This resulted in the deaths of two fishermen in 2006 and a US missionary, John Allen Chau, in 2018. North Sentinel lies 36 kilometres west of the town of Wandoor in South Andaman Island, 50 km west of Port Blair, and 59. 6 kilometres north of its counterpart South Sentinel islands.
It has an area of about 59. 67 km2 and a roughly square outline. The entire island, other than the shore, is forested. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake tilted the tectonic plate under the island, lifting it by 1 to 2 metres. Large tracts of the surrounding coral reefs were exposed and became permanently dry land or shallow lagoons, extending all the island’s boundaries. A forested islet, Constance Island, also \”Constance Islet\”, is located about 600 metres off the southeast coastline, at the edge of the reef. A second landing was made by Maurice Vidal Portman on 27 August 1883 after the eruption of Krakatoa, which was mistaken for a distress signal for a ship. The island is a protected area of India. In 2018, the Government of India excluded 29 islands– including North Sentinel – from the Restricted Area Permit regime, until 31 December 2022, in a major effort to boost tourism.