Native Americans in the United States
The ancestors of living Native Americans arrived in what is now the United States at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization of the Americas, which began in 1492, resulted in a precipitous decline in Native American population through introduced diseases, warfare, ethnic cleansing, and slavery. Since the 1960s, Native American self-determination movements have resulted in changes to the lives of Native Americans.
About Native Americans in the United States in brief
There are 574 federally recognized tribes living within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations. The ancestors of living Native Americans arrived in what is now the United States at least 15,000 years ago, possibly much earlier, from Asia via Beringia. European colonization of the Americas, which began in 1492, resulted in a precipitous decline in Native American population through introduced diseases, warfare, ethnic cleansing, and slavery. Since the 1960s, Native American self-determination movements have resulted in changes to the lives of Native Americans, though there are still many contemporary issues faced by Native Americans. Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the U.S., 78% of whom live outside reservations. California, Arizona and Oklahoma have the largest population of Native American in the United states. Most Native Americans live in rural areas or small-town areas. At the time of the first contact, the indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the proto-industrial and mostly Christian immigrants. At that time, Native Americans had concepts of individual property rights with respect to land that were extremely different from the cultures of immigrant Europeans. Even before the European settlement of what is today the United United States,Native Americans suffered high fatalities from new European diseases, which they had not yet acquired immunity to. Smallpox and other diseases are thought to have caused the greatest loss of life for indigenous populations. Some scholars combine the Plateau and Great Basin regions into the Intermontane West, some separate Prairie peoples from Great Plains peoples, while some separate Great Lakes tribes from the Northeastern Woodlands.
Some Northeastern and Southwestern cultures, in particular, were matrilineal and operated on a more collective basis than that with which Europeans were familiar. The differences in cultures between the established Native Americans and the new arrivals caused extensive political tension, violence, and social disruption in times of war, as well as shifting alliances among different nations in times before the arrival of European settlement in the 16th and 17th centuries. The first written sources of the contact were written by Europeans, and they were likely escaped from direct contact and spread by direct contact through pigs and other pigs that escaped from Spanish and other Spanish expeditions. The majority of indigenous American tribes maintained their hunting grounds and agricultural lands to use the entire tribe. The US Census groups these peoples as \”Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander. The differences between the cultures that had been established as extremely extremely different at that time and the different cultures that were established in times after European settlement are called the cultural areas. The ten cultural areas are as follows: The Plateau, Great Basin, Great Plains, Great Lakes, and Great Lakes regions. The Great Lakes and Great Plains are the regions with shared cultural traits, called cultural areas, while the Great Lakes are the areas with shared shared traits, such as matriarchal and matronly relations. The Native Americans of North America are divided into ten geographical regions, known as the “cultural areas”