Mary, Queen of Scots
Mary was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland. She was six days old when her father died and she acceded to the throne. She spent most of her childhood in France while Scotland was ruled by regents. Mary was queen consort of France from his accession in 1559 until his death in December 1560. Widowed, Mary returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith on 19 August 1561.
About Mary, Queen of Scots in brief
Mary was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland. She was six days old when her father died and she acceded to the throne. She spent most of her childhood in France while Scotland was ruled by regents. Mary was queen consort of France from his accession in 1559 until his death in December 1560. Widowed, Mary returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith on 19 August 1561. Four years later, she married her half-cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and in June 1566 they had a son, James. On 24 July 1567, she was forced to abdicate in favour of her one-year-old son. She fled southward seeking the protection of her first cousin once removed, Queen Elizabeth I of England. Mary had once claimed Elizabeth’s throne as her own and was considered the legitimate sovereign of England by many English Catholics. After eighteen and a half years in custody, Mary was found guilty of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth in 1586, and was beheaded the following year at Fotheringhay Castle. Mary’s mother managed to remove and succeed King Henry VIII of England in 1554 when she became the regent of Scotland, hoping for a union between Mary and his son, Edward. The Treaty of Greenwich was signed at the age of ten, which promised that Mary would marry Edward and move to England, where Mary could oversee her son’s upbringing. The treaty provided that the two countries would remain legally separate and if the couple should fail to have children, they would dissolve the temporary union.
Mary married the Dauphin of France, Francis, in 1558, and had a daughter, Mary of Guise, who was born in 1563. Mary died in 1587, and her body was never recovered. Mary is buried in St Andrew’s Cathedral, Edinburgh, where she was christened on 8 December 1542 at Linlithgow Palace, Scotland, to King James VI and his French second wife, Mary Of Guise. She is said to have been born prematurely and was said to be the only legitimate child to survive her father. She died on 14 December, six days after her birth, she became Queen of Scotland when her dad died, perhaps from the effects of a nervous collapse following the Battle of Solway Moss or from drinking contaminated water while on campaign. A popular tale, first recorded by John Knox, states that James, upon hearing on his deathbed that his wife had given birth to a daughter,. ruefully exclaimed, \”It cam wi’ a lass and it will gang wi’A lass!\” His House of Stuart had gained the throne of Scotland in the 14th century via the marriage of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce, to Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland,. The crown had come to his family through a woman, and would be lost from his family via a woman.