Marine One is the call sign of any U.S. Marine Corps aircraft carrying the president of the United States. It usually denotes a large Sikorsky VH-3D Sea King or the newer, smaller Vh-60N. The goal was to retire all V-3Ds and VH80Ns along with the five initial VH71s in 2015.
About Marine One in brief
Marine One is the call sign of any U.S. Marine Corps aircraft carrying the president of the United States. It usually denotes a large Sikorsky VH-3D Sea King or the newer, smaller Vh-60N. The first use of a helicopter to transport the president was in 1957, when President Dwight D. Eisenhower traveled on a Bell UH-13J Sioux. As of 2009, Marine One had never had an accident or been attacked. In 2006, President George W. Bush boarded Marine One with his departing press secretary, but the helicopter \”would not work\”, so the president left the White House in a car. On 16 July 2009,. Marine One flew with an all female crew for the first time. This was also the final flight of Major Jennifer Grieves, who was the first woman pilot to fly the president. Until 1976, the Marine Corps shared the responsibility of helicopter transportation for the president with the United. States Army. The VH3D entered service in 1978, and the VH60N entered service in 1987. By 2009, there were 11 VH 3Ds and eight VH 60Ns in service for the President and other important persons.
The goal was to retire all V-3Ds and VH80Ns along with the five initial VH71s in 2015, leaving the Marine One fleet with 23 helicopters. The Navy awarded a contract to Lockheed Martin in January 2005, to develop and build 28 helicopters. In March 2008, the previously estimated USD 6.5billion cost of the 28 helicopters had increased to USD 11-billion. The initial helicopter Kestrel was awarded the initial contract for delivery in 2010, with 23, less sophisticated version of the V H-71 due for delivery in 2015. The cost of a single Air Force One would cost more than the single Boeing VC-25 VC-1 aircraft would cost in a single Boeing 747-200. The helicopter’s defenses were to include radar jamming and deception, to ward off anti-aircraft missiles; protection of key electronics against nuclear electromagnetic pulse; and an encrypted telecommunications system and videoconferencing.