Hoysala architecture is the building style in Hindu temple architecture developed under the rule of the Hoysala Empire between the 11th and 14th centuries. Some three hundred temples are known to survive in present-day Karnataka state and many more are mentioned in inscriptions. The Hoysalas usually dedicated their temples to Shiva or to Vishnu, but they occasionally built some temples dedicated to the Jain faith.
About Hoysala architecture in brief
Hoysala architecture is the building style in Hindu temple architecture developed under the rule of the Hoysala Empire between the 11th and 14th centuries. Some three hundred temples are known to survive in present-day Karnataka state and many more are mentioned in inscriptions, though only about seventy have been documented. The Hoysalas usually dedicated their temples to Shiva or to Vishnu, but they occasionally built some temples dedicated to the Jain faith as well. Most of these temples have secular features with broad themes depicted in their sculptures. The Shaiva temples have a Shiva linga, the symbol of the universal symbol of Shiva, in the shrine. The name eshwara means ‘Lord of Hoysaleswara’ and can also be named after the devotee who commissioned the construction of the temple, an example being the Bucese Buvara temple at Korangala. The Kesava temple at Somanathapura is different in that its ornamentation is strictly Vaishnava and is dedicated to Keshava, the son of Vishnu. The most striking decorations are the horizontal rows of rows of Shiva with the name ‘Hoysalesvara’ on the end. The temple can be also be found in the Malnad district of Karnataka, which is home to the Hoyala kings and is one of the greatest concentration of these are in the region. The temples at Belavadi, Amruthapura, Hosaholalu, Mosale, Arasikere, Basaralu,.
Kikkeri and Nuggehalli are also examples of the architectural style. The whole tradition covers a period of about seven centuries began in the 7th century under the patronage of the Chalukya dynasty of Badami. It developed further under the Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta during the 9th and 10th centuries and the Western ChalUkyas of Basavakalyan in the 12th and 12th century. Its final development stage and transformation into an independent style was during therule of the Hoysala empire in the12th and 13th centuries, when it dominated the Southern Deccan Plateau region. It is classified by the influential scholar Adam Hardy as part of the Karnata Dravida tradition, a trend within Dravidian architecture in the deccan that is distinct from the Tamil style of further south. The name Eshwara is a suffix meaning ‘Lord’ or ‘Lord’, for instance, for instance the temple at Bucesvara is named after ‘Lord Hoyswara, the name for the deity of the same name. It can be seen in the famous Chennakesava Temple at Belur dedicated to Vish Nu and in the Hoysalewara Temple at Halebidu dedicated to Shiva. The Hinduism is a combination of secular and sacred beliefs, rituals, daily practices and traditions that has evolved over the course of over two thousand years and embodies complex symbolism.