Eric Arthur Blair was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. He is best known for the allegorical novella Animal Farm and the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. Blair was born on 25 June 1903 in Motihari, Bihar, British India.
About George Orwell in brief
Eric Arthur Blair was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. He is best known for the allegorical novella Animal Farm and the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. His non-fiction works, including The Road to Wigan Pier, documenting his experience of working-class life in the north of England, are as critically respected as his essays on politics and literature, language and culture. In 2008, The Times ranked George Orwell second among \”The 50 greatest British writers since 1945\”. Orwell’s work remains influential in popular culture and in political culture, and the adjective \”Orwellian\”—describing totalitarian and authoritarian social practices—is part of the English language, like many of his neologisms, such as \”Big Brother\”, \”Thought Police\”, \”Two Minutes Hate\”, and \”Room 101” Blair was born on 25 June 1903 in Motihari, Bihar, British India. He was brought up in the company of his mother and sisters, and apart from a brief visit in mid-1907, he did not see his father until 1912. Blair was sent as a day-boy to a convent school in Henley-on-Thames, which Marjorie also attended. He hated the school and many years later wrote an essay posthumously, based on his time there. Blair gained a scholarship to St Cyprian’s School, Eastbourne, East Sussex, where he met Cyril Connolly, who became a writer and who, as the editor of Horizon, published several of Orwell’s essays.
He came second to Connolly in the Harrow History Prize, but did not guarantee inclusion on the Eton roll. He said that he might write a book in the style of H.G. Wells’s A Modern Utopia’s Modern Utona’s Modern Atona. He also wrote two poems that were published in the Henley Standard and South Oxfordshire editions of Henley and Eton. Blair described his family as ‘lower-upper-middle class’ and dreamed of becoming a famous writer. When they first met, he said, ‘You are noticed more if you stand on your head than if you are your head up.’ He later became friends with the Buddicom family, especially their daughter Jacintha, who he called ‘Jacintha’, and wrote a poem about her. He went on to become a headteacher at Eton, and later a headmistress of Eton College. He wrote two more poems about her, one about her and one about the nature of the world. He later wrote a book about her called “A Man’s Place in the World”, which was published by the London Review of Books, and was awarded a B.A. by the Royal College of Music. Blair also wrote a short story about his experiences in the Spanish Civil War, which he later turned into a novel, Homage to Catalonia.