Geography and ecology of the Everglades
Before drainage, the Everglades were an interwoven mesh of marshes and prairies covering 4,000 square miles. Water is the dominant element in the everglades, and it shapes the land, vegetation, and animal life of South Florida. At only 5,000 years of age, the region is a young region in geological terms.
About Geography and ecology of the Everglades in brief
Before drainage, the Everglades were an interwoven mesh of marshes and prairies covering 4,000 square miles. Water is the dominant element in the everglades, and it shapes the land, vegetation, and animal life of South Florida. At only 5,000 years of age, the region is a young region in geological terms. Its ecosystems are in constant flux as a result of the interplay of three factors: the type and amount of water present, the geology of the region, and the frequency and severity of fires. The region appears flat, but the wearing away of the limestone in some areas created slight valleys and plateaus that affected not only the flow of water, but also types of vegetation present. Only two seasons exist in the Ever glades: wet and dry. Average rainfall in normal. fluctuations of precipitation are approximately 62 inches, though tropical storms are normal occurrences in the area. Severe weather form the main characteristic of the area in the southern region of the U.S. in the form of severe storms, floods, and tropical storms. The Everglade region is unique; no other wetland system in the world is nourished primarily from the atmosphere. It is such a unique meeting of water and land that the use of either singular or plural to refer to the EverGlades is appropriate. It is a vast watershed that has historically extended from Lake Okeechobee 100 miles south to Florida Bay, and many interconnected ecosystems within a geographic boundary. The Big Cypress Swamp is well known for its 500-year-old cypresses, though cypress domes can appear throughout the Ever Glades.
The Kissimmee–Lake Okeechesobee–Everglades watershed is also considered part of the Ever GLades because its sea grasses and aquatic life are attracted to the constant discharge of fresh water. The area is so slight that the river moves only 2 feet a minute, so the change is so small that the gradient is so subtle that it is so changeable so quickly that it can only change so much in a single minute. The South Florida climate was once arid and semi-arid, interspersed with wet periods. Although the region appearsflat, the reading of the terrain is a gradient of inches in elevation—a difference of inches of elevation—that affects not only water flow and vegetation. The Shark River Valley, Big Cypresses Swamp, coastal areas and mangrove forests help to sustain and transform the ecosystems in the shark River Valley. The mangroves provide nursery and nesting conditions for many species of birds, fish, and invertebrates. The marine environment of Florida Bay is also part of. the EverGLades because the fresh water from Florida Bay, it meets salt water from the Gulf of Mexico, provides nursery and Nesting conditions for fish, birds, and other species of fish. The Western Flatwoods, Eastern Flatwoods and the Atlantic Coastal Ridge affect drainage patterns. Geologic elements, climate, and the frequency of storms and fire are formative processes for the Neverglades.