Communist Party of India
The Communist Party of India was formed on 26 December 1925 at the first Party Conference in Kanpur, then Cawnpore. The party was founded in 1925 at a conference organised by a man called Satyabhakta, who argued for a ‘National communism’ and against subordination under Comintern. The CPI is the oldest communist political party in India, and one of the eight national parties in the country.
About Communist Party of India in brief
The Communist Party of India was formed on 26 December 1925 at the first Party Conference in Kanpur, then Cawnpore. During the 1920s and the early 1930s the party was badly organised, and in practice there were several communist groups working with limited national co-ordination. Between 1921 and 1924 there were three conspiracy trials against the communist movement; First Peshawar Conspiracy Case, Meerut Conspiracy Case and the Kanpur Bolshevik Conspiracy Case. Shripad Amrit Dange, M. N. Roy, Muzaffar Ahmed, Nalini Gupta, Shaukat Usmani, Singaravelu Chettiar, Ghulam Hussain and R. C. Sharma were charged, in Cawn pore Bolshevik Conspiracy case. The sixth congress of the Communist International met in 1928. In 1927 the Kuomintang had turned on the Chinese communists, which led to a review of the policy on forming alliances with the national bourgeoisie in the colonial countries. On 20 March 1929, arrests against the WPP fell apart. When the communists deserted WPP, the communist leadership was made what became known as the Meuter Case. On 19 July 1929, the Tenth Plenum of the Executive Committee of the International Communist International, directed the Indian communists to break with WPP. The CPI is the oldest communist political party in India, and one of the eight national parties in the country. The party was founded in 1925 at a conference organised by a man called Satyabhakta, who argued for a ‘National communism’ and against subordination under Comintern.
On 25 December 1925 a communist conference was organised in. Kanpur. The conference adopted the name ‘Communist party of India’ Groups such as Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan dissolved into the unified CPI. The émigré CPI, which probably had little organic character anyway, was effectively substituted by the organisation now operating inside India. The EmanigréCPI was effectively replaced by the CPI. It was formed by Indians with the help of foreigners in different parts of the world, Tashkent group of Contacts were made with Anushilan and Jugantar the groups in Bengal, and small communist groups were formed in Bombay, Madras, United Provinces, Punjab, Sindh and Bengal. In 1929, CPI and other labour leaders were made what was known as what became the Meurut Case. The specific charge was that they as communists were seeking to deprive the King Emperor of his sovereignty of British India, by complete separation of India from imperialistic Britain by a violent revolution. The case was responsible for actively introducing communism to a larger Indian audience. Dange was released from prison in 1927. M.N. Roy was released on account of illness, and therefore could not be arrested. Ghul am Hussain confessed that he had received money from the Russians in Kabul and was pardoned. SingaraVELu Chetiar was released by illness.