Buffalo, New York
The Buffalo area was inhabited before the 17th century by the Native American Iroquois tribe and later by French colonizers. The city grew significantly in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of immigration, the construction of the Erie Canal and rail transportation. Since the city’s economy relied heavily on manufacturing, deindustrialization in the latter half of the 20th century led to a steady decline in population.
About Buffalo, New York in brief
As of 2019’s census estimates, the city proper population was 255,284. The Buffalo area was inhabited before the 17th century by the Native American Iroquois tribe and later by French colonizers. The city grew significantly in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of immigration, the construction of the Erie Canal and rail transportation. Since the city’s economy relied heavily on manufacturing, deindustrialization in the latter half of the 20th century led to a steady decline in population. While some manufacturing activity remained following the Great Recession, Buffalo’s economy has transitioned to service industries with a greater emphasis on healthcare, research and higher education including being home to a top research university, the University at Buffalo. Its culture blends Northeastern and Midwestern traditions, with annual festivals including Taste of Buffalo and Allentown Art Festival, two major professional sports teams, a Division I college athletics program and a thriving and progressive music and arts scene. Buffalo is on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, at the head of the Niagara River, 16 miles south of Niagara Falls. Its early embrace of electric power led to the nickname \”The City of Light. \” The city is also famous for its urban planning and layout by Joseph Ellicott, an extensive system of parks designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, as well as significant architectural works. Buffalo lies on, and was fighting for the right to purchase, a portion of land near Massachusetts’ Landbegan Land.
After the American Revolution, the land was sold to the U.S. state of New York. The land was of considerable importance near fresh water and abundant trade route to the Midwestern United States while grooming its economy for the grain, steel and automobile industries that dominated the city’s economy in the 1950s and 1960s. The first inhabitants of the New York State are believed to have been nomadic Paleo-Indians, who migrated after the disappearance of Pleistocene glaciers during or before 7000 BCE. Around 1000 CE, the Woodland period began, marked by the rise of the Iroquo Confederacy and its tribes throughout the state. During French exploration of the region in 1620, the region was occupied simultaneously by the agrarian Erie people, a tribe outside of the Five Nations of the Iroquois. Later, during the Beaver Wars of the 1640s-1650s, the combined warriors of the five tribes conquered the populous Neutrals and their peninsular territory, while the Senecas alone took out the Wenro and their territory, c. 1651–1653. The Erie nation and territory were destroyed over their assistance to the Beaver wars. On August 7, 1679, La Salle launched a vessel, Le Griffon, that became the first full-sized ship to sail across the Great Lakes before it disappeared in the Great Green Bay, Wisconsin. On the same day, New York and Massachusetts sold a one-mile wide portion of the land to the Massachusetts’ Land Began.