Aviation accidents and incidents
The first fatal aviation accident was the crash of a Rozière balloon near Wimereux, France, on June 15, 1785. As of April 2020, there have been 33 aviation incidents in which 200 or more people died. The deadliest aviation-related disaster of any kind, considering fatalities on both the aircraft and the ground, was the destruction of the World Trade Center in New York City on September 11, 2001.
About Aviation accidents and incidents in brief
The first fatal aviation accident was the crash of a Rozière balloon near Wimereux, France, on June 15, 1785. As of April 2020, there have been 33 aviation incidents in which 200 or more people died. The deadliest aviation-related disaster of any kind, considering fatalities on both the aircraft and the ground, was the destruction of the World Trade Center in New York City on September 11, 2001. The largest loss of life on board a single-aircraft is the 520 fatalities in the 1985 Japan Airlines Flight 123 incident. The Tenerife airport disaster, which occurred on March 27, 1977, remains the accident with the highest number of airliner passenger fatalities. An increased emphasis was placed on using standardized phraseology in air traffic control communication by both pilots and controllers. The captain is no longer considered infallible and combined crew input is encouraged during aircraft operations. The accident had a lasting influence on the flight industry, particularly in the area of flight crew communication. It has also been incorporated into flight crew training training for pilots and air marshals. The most recent aviation incident was the September 11 attacks, which resulted in the deaths of 2,996 people on both sides of the U.S. border and in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the United States. The United States and NATO treated the attacks as an act of war and terrorism, and treated them as deliberate terrorist acts. They were not classified as accidents, but as a mass-killing; these events were subsequently treated by the United states and the member nations of NATO as a war and terror.
The U.N. Convention on International Civil Aviation Annex 13 defines an aviation incident as an occurrence, other than an accident, associated with the operation of an aircraft that affects or could affect the safety of operation. A hull loss occurs if an aircraft is destroyed, damaged beyond repair, lost, or becomes completely inaccessible, or the aircraft goes missing or is completely inaccessible. It is also possible that the aircraft sustains significant damage or structural failure, such as when a Boeing 747 suffers an explosive decompression from an incorrectly repaired bulkhead, destroying most of its vertical stabilizer. The first aircraft incident in which more than 200 people died was the Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crash on March 3, 1974, when 346 died in the crash. All 234 passengers and 14 crew of the KLM aircraft died and only 61 of the 396 passengers and crew ofthe Pan Am aircraft survived. The KLM Boeing 747 attempted to take off without flight clearance, and collided with a taxiing Pan Am 747 at Los Rodeos Airport on the Canary Island of TenerIFE, Spain. The crash was the first time that a single aircraft had collided with another aircraft in a single incident, and the second time that two aircraft collided in the same place at the same time. It was also the first incident where the captain began his takeoff run without obtaining air traffic Control clearance. The pilot error was the primary cause of the crash, as the aircraft was not properly prepared for takeoff.
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This page is based on the article Aviation accidents and incidents published in Wikipedia (as of Jan. 03, 2021) and was automatically summarized using artificial intelligence.