Arminius was a chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci tribe. He is best known for commanding an alliance of Germanic tribes at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD. His victory would precipitate the Roman Empire’s permanent strategic withdrawal from Magna Germania. He was remembered in Germanic legends for generations afterwards.
About Arminius in brief
Arminius was a chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci tribe. He is best known for commanding an alliance of Germanic tribes at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD. His victory would precipitate the Roman Empire’s permanent strategic withdrawal from Magna Germania. Modern historians have regarded Arminius’ victory as Rome’s greatest defeat. He was remembered in Germanic legends for generations afterwards. During the unification of Germany in the 19th century, he was hailed by German nationalists as a symbol of German unity and freedom. Following World War II, many modern Germans are unaware of his story. The 2,000th anniversary of the battle was only lightly commemorated in Germany. The etymology of the Latin name Arminus is unknown. In German, he is traditionally known as Hermann der Cherusker or Hermann Der CherUSkerfürst. The name may be related to the Indo-Iranian term Airyaman, denoting membership of an elite subsection of society. The German translation of the name Hermann dates from the 16th Century, possibly first by Martin Luther. He lived as a younger brother in Roman military and received a military education as well as Roman citizenship and the status of equite and equite. He died in 7 or 8 AD, probably fighting in the Pannonian wars on the Balkan peninsula. He had established control of the territories along the Rhine, just east of the Line, along with his brother Flavus Flavus.
The Roman historian Tacitus designated him as the liberator of theGermanic tribes and commended him for having fought the Roman empire to a standstill at the peak of its power. He also deposed a rival, the Marcomanni king Maroboduus. Germanic nobles, afraid of his growing power, assassinated him in 21 AD. He may have been an adopted name granted to him upon citizenship, or otherwise not his Cheruscan name. The theory that the name alludes to prior service on the eastern frontier of theRoman empire is now largely discredited. It is further created by contemporary scholars who alternately referred to him as Armenus. In this interpretation the principle name element Armin would denote Armin’s social status as a member of the nobility of Germanian society. He served in the Roman army between AD 1 and 6, and received Roman citizenship as a well as equestrian rank. He fought retaliatory invasions by the Roman general Germanicus in the battles of Pontes Longi, Idistaviso, and the Angrivarian Wall, and deposed his rival MarobODuus in 21AD. He later served as a commander of a Chercan detachment of Roman forces, probably in Pannonia, fighting against the Roman auxiliary forces of Pannon, probably around 4 AD. In AD 4 AD, he assumed command of a Roman auxiliary detachment of auxiliary forces, the Chercan forces of Roman army.