American Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War, also known as the American War of Independence or the Revolutionary War was initiated by delegates from the thirteen American colonies in Congress against Great Britain. It was the first of the so-called “Seven Years’ Wars” (1763-1783). It was also the last of the “Seven Wars of the American Century” (1801-1814). The war was fought between Britain and France.
About American Revolutionary War in brief
The American Revolutionary War, also known as the American War of Independence or the Revolutionary War was initiated by delegates from the thirteen American colonies in Congress against Great Britain. The British government was left deeply in debt, and the colonial legislatures vigorously disputed being forced to pay the expenses of the war. The Stamp Act and Townshend Acts provoked colonial opposition and unrest, leading to the 1770 Boston massacre and 1773 Boston Tea Party. In July 1776, Congress unanimously passed the Declaration of Independence. In April 1783, Congress accepted a treaty that met its peace demands, including British evacuation to the Mississippi River, Newfoundland, and fishing rights. On September 3, Paris signed a Treaty of Paris between Great Britain and the United States. The French and British government were exchanged in Paris the following spring. The Treaty of S.C. was ratified by the U.S. Congress and the British government in May 1783. The war ended with the Seven Years’ War, which ended in the 1763 French and Indian War and divided the British possessions in the Atlantic and Pacific into British and Spanish possessions in North and South America. The American victory at Saratoga had dramatic consequences for the war, as France feared an early American settlement with Britain that would weaken the French colonial empire in the Americas. The Spanish, along with American privateers supplied the 1779 American conquest of Western Quebec. Gálvez then expelled British forces from Mobile and Pensacola, cutting off British military aid to their American Indian allies in the interior southeast.
Although the war between Britain France and Spain continued for another two years, the British largely lost their will to contest American independence. The pro-war Tory government fell and Lord North was replaced by Whig Lord Rockingham. King George III promised American independence and Anglo–American talks began. In December 1782, George III spoke from the British throne for independence, and accepted its demands including British-proposed peace, trade, and peace. At the same time, British charters rescinded provisions of the colonial charters claiming the Atlantic to the Pacific; the British became the charters of the Pacific River; the Mississippi became the dividing line between the British and the Spanish River; and the American colonies claimed the Pacific to extend from the Mississippi to the Atlantic Ocean. The War of the First Half of the 19th century was fought from 1775 to 1783; the war ended in 1783 with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, which divided the Atlantic into British territory and Spanish territory in the Pacific and North America. It was the first of the so-called “Seven Years’ Wars” (1763-1783). It was also the last of the “Seven Wars of the American Century” (1801-1814). The war was fought between Britain and France. The Battle of Saratogia was fought in 1777 and 1778; the Battle of Gettysburg took place in 1778. The Americans captured an entire British field army at Sar atoga.