1955 State of Vietnam referendum
The State of Vietnam referendum of 1955 determined the future form of government. It was contested by Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm, who proposed a republic. The referendum was the last phase in the power struggle between Bồ Chí Minh and his prime minister. The vote was widely marred by electoral fraud.
About 1955 State of Vietnam referendum in brief
The State of Vietnam referendum of 1955 determined the future form of government. It was contested by Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm, who proposed a republic. The referendum was the last phase in the power struggle between Bồ Chí Minh and his prime minister. The country was going through a period of insecurity, as Vietnam had been temporarily partitioned as a result of the 1954 Geneva Accords that ended the First Indochina War. In July 1954, during the transition period, Bảo. Đại appointed Di�m as Prime Minister of the State of. Vietnam. On 11 October 1954, the border was closed by the International Control Commission. Under the Accords, anti-communist military personnel were obliged to evacuate the south while communist forces were moved north. Between 800,000 and 1,000,000 Catholics migrated to the south, mostly Catholics. At the start of his power base in his later years, Diἰn Di�m’s slogan was: “God has gone south, the use of the slogan has gone down”. The slogan was later used by the U.S. to convince people to move to South Vietnam, who were mostly Catholics, to provide Diῥm’s base with food and shelter. The campaign was particularly focused on Vietnam’s Catholics who were to provide the base for his later power in his base in the south. In the capital, Saigon, he was credited with more than 600,000 votes, although only 450,000 people were on the electoral roll.
He accumulated tallies in excess of 90% of the registered voters, even in rural regions where opposition groups prevented voting. The vote was widely marred by electoral fraud. After his brother Ngô. ĉiỉn Nhu rigged the poll, he proclaimed himself president of the newly created Republic of Vietnam. The election was held on 23 October 1955. The results were announced on 24 October 1955, but the results were not officially announced until 4 November 1955. It led to a division of Vietnam, with the French-backed State. of Vietnam holding control south of the 17th parallel and H�ow Chí. Minh’s Viet Minh holding the north. The agreements stated that nationwide elections were to be held in 1956 to unify the country under a common government. But the French backed State held control of the southern half of the country, pending national elections that were intended to reunify. the country. By mid-1955, the Vietnamese National Army was not in full control of southern Vietnam, and private armies ran their own administrations in the countryside supported by private armies. The Cao Đài and Hòa HẢo religious sects ran their. own administrations. The BìNh Xuyên organised crime syndicate controlled the streets of Saigon. Despite interference from these groups, Di Vietnamese managed to subdue the private armies and consolidate government control over the country by mid-1950s.