1910 London to Manchester air race
The 1910 London to Manchester air race took place between two aviators. Each attempted to win a heavier-than-air powered flight challenge. The £10,000 prize was won in April 1910 by Frenchman Louis Paulhan. Paulhan repeated the journey in April 1950, the fortieth anniversary of the original flight.
About 1910 London to Manchester air race in brief
The 1910 London to Manchester air race took place between two aviators. Each attempted to win a heavier-than-air powered flight challenge between London and Manchester first proposed by the Daily Mail newspaper in 1906. The £10,000 prize was won in April 1910 by Frenchman Louis Paulhan. The event marked the first long-distance aeroplane race in England, the first take-off of a heavier than-air machine at night, and the first powered flight into Manchester from outside the city. Paulhan repeated the journey in April 1950, the fortieth anniversary of the original flight, this time as a passenger aboard a British jet fighter. The first to make the attempt was Claude Grahame-White, an Englishman from Hampshire. He took off from London on 23 April 1910, and made his first planned stop at Rugby. His biplane subsequently suffered engine problems, forcing him to land again, near Lichfield. High winds made it impossible for him to continue his journey, and his aeroplanes suffered further damage on the ground when it was blown over. The next morning, after an unprecedented night-time take-offs, he almost caught up with Paulhan, but his Aeroplane was overweight and he was forced to concede defeat. In 1909, inspired by Blériot’s historic cross-channel flight, he went to France to learn how to fly, and by the following January he became one of the first Englishmen to obtain an aviator’s certificate.
He was awarded Aéro Club de France licence No. 10 on 17 July. In July 1909 he set new records for altitude and flight duration in the United States of America, and in Douai, where in July he set several new flight records for the duration of the flight. He also competed in an early flight meeting in October 1909 at Blackpool, and shortly afterwards flew in an exhibition at the Brooklands motor racing circuit. In April 1910 he arrived in London to prepare to take off at 5: 00am, near the Plumes Hotel in the suburb of Royal Park. A crowd of journalists and spectators assembled there from about 4:00am, with more arriving by car until about about about 5:30am. The Farman III was brought to prepare at 4: 30am and began to prepare his biplane for the journey. It was the first time a biplane had taken off from a British capital in under 24 hours. In 1908 they offered £1,000 for the first flight across the English channel, and £1,.000 for a circular one-mile flight made by a British aviator in a British aeropl plane. The challenge also specified that take- off and landing were to be at locations no more than five miles from the newspaper’s offices in those cities. The challenge was first offered in November 1906 by The Daily Mail, and was won by French aviator Isidore Auguste Marie Louis Paulhane. The newspaper’s proprietors were keen to stimulate the industry’s growth.