Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by King Argishti I. The city also serves as the seat of the Araratian Pontifical Diocese; the largest diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
About Yerevan, Armenia in brief
Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by King Argishti I. The city also serves as the seat of the Araratian Pontifical Diocese; the largest diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church. As of 2011, the population of the city was 1,060,138, just over 35% of Armenia’s total population. According to the official estimate of 2016, the city is 1,073,700 and was named the 2012 World Book Capital by UNESCO. The National Gallery of Armenia is the largest art museum in Armenia and shares a building with the History Museum of Armenia. The Matenadaran repository contains one of. the largest depositories of ancient books and manuscripts in the world. The Katoghike Tsiranavor church is the oldest surviving church of Yervan. Saint Gregory Cathedral is the biggest Armenian cathedral in the World. Yereva Opera Theatre is the main spectacle hall of the Armenian capital. It is also home to several opera houses, theatres, museums, libraries, and other cultural institutions. It has been the capital of the First Republic of Armenia since 1918, the fourteenth in the history of Armenia, and the seventh located in or around theArarat plain.
It was also the center of the Erivan Khanate from 1736 to 1828 and the Eivan Governorate from 1850 to 1917, respectively. The name “Yervan” is believed to have come from an expression exclaimed by Noah, after the ark had landed on Mount Ararat and the flood waters had receded. In the late medieval and early modern periods, Yerevân was known as Persian Iravân and later known as Yervandashat. One theory is that the name is derived from the Urartian military fortress of Erebuni, which was founded on the territory of modern-day Yere van in 783 BC. As elements of the UrArtian language blended with that of the Armenia one, the name eventually evolved into Yerevin. The true pronunciation of the word Erebun-city was apparently Erevan. In other words, the word was apparently placed between two vowels or at the beginning of two words, Ghapels… In the early Christian period, Erevats was apparently the name of the Christian fortress-city, apparently Eyyvats! In the medieval and modern period, it was also known as Eerevats-Yervats. The current pronunciation of Eerevan-city is apparently Eer-revan, which is a contraction of the name Yervevan, or Ere-re-van, and is sometimes spelled Erevevan.
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