Simon Bolivar Buckner
Simon Bolivar Buckner was an American soldier and politician. He fought in the Mexican–American War and in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He later served as the 30th governor of Kentucky. He was the first Confederate general to surrender an army in the war.
About Simon Bolivar Buckner in brief
Simon Bolivar Buckner was an American soldier and politician. He fought in the Mexican–American War and in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He later served as the 30th governor of Kentucky. He was the first Confederate general to surrender an army in the war. He never again sought public office and died January 8, 1914, in Louisville, Kentucky. His son, Simon B. Buckner, was the third child and second son of Aylett Hartswell and Elizabeth Ann Buckner. He did not begin school until age nine, when he enrolled at a private school in Munfordville. In 1844 he graduated eleventh in his class of 25 and was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 2nd U.S. Infantry Regiment. His early duties included recruiting soldiers and bringing them to the Texas border. In November 1846, he was ordered to join his company in the field; he met them en route between Monclova and Parras. On August 8, 1847, Buckner joined the quartermaster of the 6th Infantry. Shortly thereafter he participated in battles at Saltillo and Amazoque. In January 1847 he was orders to Vera Cruz, where he engaged a few thousand Mexican cavalry at a nearby town. In May 1846 he resigned his post and joined the U. S. Army; he was appointed quartermaster at San Antonio. In July 1849, he served as an assistant professor of geography, history, and ethics at West Point.
In August 1845, he returned to his teaching position at the Academy. He resigned from the army in 1855 to manage his father-in-law’s real estate in Chicago, Illinois. He returned to Kentucky in 1857 and was appointed adjutant general by Governor Beriah Magoffin in 1861. In the 1888 legislative session alone, he issued more vetoes than the previous ten governors combined. In 1895, he made an unsuccessful bid for a seat in the United States Senate. The following year, he joined the National Democratic Party, or ‘Gold Democrats’ He favored a gold standard policy over the Free Silver position of the mainline Democrats. In 1896, he polled just over one percent of the vote on a ticket with ex-Union general John M. Palmer. His term was plagued by violent feuds in the eastern part of the state, including the Hatfield–McCoy feud and the Rowan County War. His administration was rocked by scandal when state treasurer James “Honest Dick’ Tate absconded with USD 250,000 from the state’s treasury. He became known for vetoing special interest legislation. He died in 1914 and was survived by his wife, Elizabeth Ann Buckner, and his son, Simón B. Buckner, who was born in 1838. The family moved to southern Muhlenberg County where he organized an iron-making corporation. The Buckner family later moved to Greenville.
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