Sikhism is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent around the end of the 15th century CE. It comprises about 25 million Sikhs as of the early-21st century. According to rough estimates, there are around 12-15 crore Nanak Naam Lewas people across the world who also believe in 10 Sikh Gurus and Shri Guru Granth Sahib.
About Sikhism in brief
Sikhism is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent around the end of the 15th century CE. It comprises about 25 million Sikhs as of the early-21st century. According to rough estimates, there are around 12-15 crore Nanak Naam Lewas people across the world who also believe in 10 Sikh Gurus and Shri Guru Granth Sahib. Sikhism is classified as an Indian religion along with Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. The religion developed and evolved in times of religious persecution. Mughal rulers of India tortured and executed two of the Sikh gurus—Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur —after they refused to convert to Islam. The persecution of Sikhs triggered the founding of the Khalsa – by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699 – as an order to protect the freedom of conscience and religion. The majority of Sikh scriptures were originally written in the alphabet of Gurmukhī, a script standardised by Guru Angad out of Laṇḍā scripts historically used in present-day Pakistan and North India. The core beliefs of Sikhism include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator; divine unity and equality of all humankind; engaging in seva ; striving for justice for the benefit and prosperity of all; and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder’s life. The Sikh scripture opens with the Mul Mantar, fundamental prayer about ik onkar.
Sikhism emphasizes simran, which can be expressed musically through kirtan, or internally through naam japna as a means to feel God’s presence. It teaches followers to transform the ‘Five Thieves’ – the ‘five thieves’ – which are the five principles of the religion. A Sikh can be defined as any human being who faithfully believes in: i. One Formless Beingii. Ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak Sahib to Gurugobind Singh Sahib,iii. The utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus; and. The baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and who does not owe allegiance to any other religion, is a Sikh. It is not in doubt that Sikhism emphasis on the moral development and everyday development of everyday people is the emphasis on ‘one’ in the Sikh tradition. The scripture begins with ikkar, which refers to the ‘formless one’ in Sikh tradition as well as the ‘one-to-one’ relationship between God and all of us. The concept of ‘God is Waheuru’ is considered to be considered by Sikhs to be to be the same as ‘God’ or ‘the God of the universe’ Sikhism teaches that the ideal man ‘establishes union with God, knows His Will, and carries out that Will’ to achieve God’s purpose in the world. The first Guru, Nanak, taught that living an ‘active, creative, and practical life’ of truthfulness, fidelity, self-control and purity is above the metaphysical truth.