Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy, as well as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,860,009 residents in 1,285 km2, it is also the country’s most populated comune. It is the third most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. Rome’s historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. It was the host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics.
About Rome in brief
Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy, as well as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,860,009 residents in 1,285 km2, it is also the country’s most populated comune. It is the third most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. Rome’s historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. It was the host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics, and hosts the Secretariat of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean. The city is the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism, and the Cinecittà Studios have been the set of many Academy Award–winning movies. In 2019, Rome was the 11th most visited city in. the world with 10. 1 million tourists, the thirdMost visited in the. European Union, and most popular tourist destination in Italy. It has been a major human settlement for almost three millennia. The name Roma is believed to have come from the city’s founder and first king, Romulus. However, it is a possibility that the name Romulus was actually derived from Rome itself. There have been alternative theories proposed on the origin of the name Roma. Several hypotheses have been advanced focusing on its linguistic roots which remain uncertain however remain uncertain. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio, along the shores of the Tiber. The area has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe.
While there have been archaeological discoveries of human occupation of the Rome area from approximately 14,000 years ago, the younger layer of stone tools have been found in Palaeolithic and Neolithic stone tools, such as pottery, pottery tools, and stone tools. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city; for this reason Rome has sometimes been defined as theCapital of two states. In 1871, Rome became the capital. of the Kingdom of Italy,. which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic. The city hosts many international business companies such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S. p. A., and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL. It is also home to several specialised agencies of the U.N. such as the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development. In the 1st century BC, the city was called The Eternal City by the Roman poet Tibullus, and was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy. After the fall of the Empire in the west, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, and in the 8th century it became capital of. the Papal States, which lasted until 1870.