Politics of the United States
There are 89,500 local governments, including 3,033 counties, 19,492 municipalities, 16,500 townships, 13,000 school districts, and 37,000 other special districts. Unlike the federal government, a state government has inherent powers allowing it to act unless limited by a provision of the state or national constitution. About 28% of the people live in cities of 100,000 or more population.
About Politics of the United States in brief
The United States is a federal constitutional republic, in which the president, Congress, and judiciary share powers reserved to the national government. The executive branch is headed by the president and is independent of the legislature. The judicial branch, composed of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, exercises judicial power. Two political parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, have dominated American politics since the American Civil War. There are 89,500 local governments, including 3,033 counties, 19,492 municipalities, 16,500 townships, 13,000 school districts, and 37,000 other special districts. Unlike the federal government, which only has those powers granted to it in the Constitution, a state government has inherent powers allowing it to act unless limited by a provision of the state or national constitution. About 28% of the people live in cities of 100,000 or more population. City governments are chartered by states, and their charters detail the objectives and powers of the municipal government. For most big cities, cooperation with both state and federal organizations is essential to meeting the needs of their residents. Most states have a bicameral legislature, with the upper house usually called the Senate and the lower house called the House of Representatives, the Assembly or something similar. The chief executive of a state is its popularly elected governor, who typically holds office for a four-year term. The constitutions of the various states differ in some details but generally follow a pattern similar to that of the federal Constitution, including a statement of the rights of thePeople and a plan for organizing the government.
In most states, senators serve four- year terms, and members of the lower House serve two-year terms. Typically local elections are nonpartisan – local activists suspend their party affiliations when campaigning and governing. Cities in the West and South usually have nonpartisan local politics. This is the oldest form of city government in the United States and until the beginning of the 20th century, was used by nearly all cities. As cities have grown, council seats have usually come to represent more than one neighborhood. This combines the legislative and executive functions in one group, usually three or more officials, usually a single commissioner. The mayor appoints the heads of city departments, sometimes with the approval of the council. He or she has the power of veto over ordinances and often is responsible for preparing the city’s budget and often set the tax rate on property, sets the tax rates on property and money apportions among the various city departments. The city council passes city ordinances, sets city taxes, and sets city ordinances. It is like that for most American cities, with an elected mayor as the chief of the executive branch that represents the various branches of the American executive branch. The U.S. is one of the world’s developed democracies where third parties have the least political influence. These include education, family law, contract law, and most crimes. The latter can include counties, municipalities, andspecial districts.