Sir James Paul McCartney CH MBE is an English singer, songwriter, musician, and record and film producer. He gained worldwide fame as co-lead vocalist and bassist for the Beatles. His songwriting partnership with John Lennon remains the most successful in history. As of 2020, he is also one of the wealthiest musicians in the world, with an estimated fortune of £800 million.
About Paul McCartney in brief
Sir James Paul McCartney CH MBE is an English singer, songwriter, musician, and record and film producer. He gained worldwide fame as co-lead vocalist and bassist for the Beatles. His songwriting partnership with John Lennon remains the most successful in history. He has written or co-written 32 songs that have reached No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100. As of 2020, he is also one of the wealthiest musicians in the world, with an estimated fortune of £800 million. His honours include two inductions into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 18 Grammy Awards, an appointment as a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1965, and a knighthood in 1997 for services to music. McCartney is a self-taught musician, proficient on bass, guitar, keyboards, and drums. He is known for his melodic approach to bass-playing, his versatile and wide tenor vocal range, and his eclecticism. He was a member of the Quarrymen in 1957, which evolved into the Beatles in 1960. After the group disbanded in 1970, he pursued a solo career and formed the band Wings with his first wife, Linda, and Denny Laine. Since 1989, he has toured consistently as a solo artist. In 1993, he formed the music duo the Fireman with Youth of Killing Joke. His mother, Mary Patricia, was a midwife and the family’s primary wage earner; her earnings enabled them to move into 20 Forthlin Road in Allerton, where they lived until 1964.
On 31 October 1956, when McCartney was 14, his mother died of an embolism as a complication of breast cancer surgery for breast cancer. McCartney’s father was a trumpet player and pianist who led the Jim Mac’s Jazz Band in the 1920s and 1930s. He kept an upright piano in the front room, but preferred to learn on an acoustic guitar. When McCartney was 11, his father encouraged him to audition for the choir, but he was not accepted. McCartney then joined the choir at St Barnabas’ Church, Moss Hill, Mossley, and became a member. In 1953, he was one of only three students out of 90 to pass the 11-Plus exam, meaning he could attend the Liverpool Institute, a grammar school rather than a secondary modern school. In 1954, he met schoolmate George Harrison on the bus from his suburban home in Speke, Liverpool. He later admitted: “I tended to talk down to him because he was a year younger.” McCartney became a point of connection with Lennon, whose mother, Julia, had died when he was 17 years old. McCartney later led his sons to the front of Jim Mac’s Jazz Band and led them to the Luxembourg Copenhagen Summer Olympics in 1968. He became a rock and roll rocker when he became popular on Radio Luxembourg, but later traded it for a £15 Zenith guitar.