The Marwari or Malani is a rare breed of horse from the Marwar region of Rajasthan, in north-west India. It is closely related to the Kathiawari breed of Kathiawar peninsula of Gujarat, with which it shares an unusual inward-curving shape of the ears. The Rathores, rulers of Marwar and successful Rajput cavalry, were the traditional breeders of the MarWari.
About Marwari horse in brief
The Marwari or Malani is a rare breed of horse from the Marwar region of Rajasthan, in north-west India. It is closely related to the Kathiawari breed of Kathiawar peninsula of Gujarat, with which it shares an unusual inward-curving shape of the ears. The Rathores, rulers of Marwar and successful Rajput cavalry, were the traditional breeders of the MarWari. The breed deteriorated in the 1930s, when poor management practices resulted in a reduction of the breeding stock, but today has regained some of its popularity. In 1995, a breed society was formed for theMarwari horse in India. The exportation of Marw Mari horses was banned for decades, but between 2000 and 2006, a small number of exports were allowed. Since 2008, visas allowing temporary travel of Mar Wari horses outside India have been available in small numbers. Though they are rare they are becoming more popular outside of India due to their unique looks. The origins of the marwari are obscure, but it is thought to descend from the warhorses of the Rajput warriors of theMarwar and Mewar regions of Raj asthan, with subsequent influence of horses of Turkoman type brought to the area by Mughal invaders in the sixteenth century.
There is also the possibility of some Mongolian influence from the north. It probably originated in northwest India on the Afghanistan border, as well as in Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan, and takes its name from the marwar region of India. During the late 16th century, the Raj Putas formed a cavalry force over 50,000 strong. The horses were trained to be extremely responsive in battlefield conditions, and were practised in complex riding maneuvers. Over 300 years later, during the First World War, Marwar lancers under Sir Pratap Singh assisted the British. In the 1950s, many Indian noblemen lost their ability to take care of their land, resulting in the obsolescence of many animals in their care. The British instead preferred other breeds, and tried to eliminate the Marwri, along with Thoroughbreds and polo ponies, and reduced the reputation of the breed to the point where even the inward-turning ears were mocked as the “mark of a native horse”. In the 1990s, the breed was reintroduced to the market, and it is now used for light draught and agricultural work, aswell as riding and packing. It may exhibit a natural ambling gait.