Jovan Vladimir was the ruler of Duklja, the most powerful Serbian principality of the time. He ruled during the protracted war between the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian Empire. He is recognized as a martyr and saint, with his feast day being celebrated on 22 May. His remains were preserved in the Church of St Jovan Vladimir near Elbasan, Albania.
About Jovan Vladimir in brief
Jovan Vladimir was the ruler of Duklja, the most powerful Serbian principality of the time, from around 1000 to 1016. He ruled during the protracted war between the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian Empire. Vladimir was acknowledged as a pious, just, and peaceful ruler. He is recognized as a martyr and saint, with his feast day being celebrated on 22 May. His remains were preserved in the Church of St Jovan Vladimir near Elbasan, and since 1995 they have been kept in the Orthodox cathedral of Tirana, Albania. The saint is classically depicted in icons as a monarch wearing a crown and regal clothes, with a cross in his right hand and his own head in his left hand. The cross Vladimir held when he was beheaded is also regarded as a relic, and is only shown to believers on the Feast of Pentecost, when it is carried in a procession to the summit of Mount Rumija. Vladimir is regarded as the first Serbian saint and the patron saint of the town of Bar in Montenegro. His earliest, lost hagiography was probably written sometime between 1075 and 1089; a shortened version, written in Latin, is preserved in The Chronicle of the Priest of DUKlja. His hagiographies in Greek and Church Slavonic were first published, respectively, in 1690 and 1802. According to Daniele Farlelati, an ecclesiastical historian, the court and residence of Serbian rulers once stood in Krajina, near Lake Skadar, in the southeastern Montenegro region.
A local tradition has Vladimir’s birthplace situated on the hillock called Kraljič, at the village of Koštanjar, near the lake Skadjina. These chapters of the chronicle are most likely based on a lost biography of Vladimir’s father, Petrislav, written between 1299 and 1301; Chapters 34 and 35 deal with Vladimir’s uncles and father and deal with his father and uncles with each other. The chronicle is recounted in Chapter 36 of the Chronicle of The Priest ofDuklaja, which is dated to 1299; Chapter 34 of the Chronicle of thePriest ofDuke of Duke of Serbia, which dates to 1399; and Chapter 35 of the Chronicle of Duke of Serbia, which is dated to 1399. The Chronicle of the Priest of Duke and Cyril and Methodius, which date the reign of Vladimir from 1075 to 1089, is the oldest surviving chronicle of a Serbian ruler. Vladimir’s remains are now kept in a church in Prečista Krajinska, which lie near the ruins of the Prečistina Church, which already existed in Vladimir’s time in the early 990s. He died in 1016 after being beheaded by Ivan Vladislav, the last ruler of the First Bulgarian Empire, and was buried there.