Hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula HCl. It is classified as strongly acidic and can attack the skin over a wide composition range. It was discovered by the alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan around the year 800 AD. In the food industry, it is used as a food additive and in the production of gelatin. Hydro chloric acid is also used in leather processing.
About Hydrochloric acid in brief
Hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula HCl. It is classified as strongly acidic and can attack the skin over a wide composition range, since the hydrogen chloride completely dissociates in an aqueous solution. It was discovered by the alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan around the year 800 AD. In the food industry, it is used as a food additive and in the production of gelatin. Hydro chloric acid is also used in leather processing. The name hydrochloric Acid was coined by the French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac in 1814. Gaseous HCl was called marine acid air. Until the British Alkali Act of 1863, excess HCl could be captured and vented into the air, often in the Bonnington Chemical Works where it was often used as an industrial acid. The old name muriatics acid has the same origin, and this name is still sometimes used. Hydrochloric acids is also known as hydronium chloride, in contrast to its anhydrous parent known as hydrogen chloride, or dry HCl, or HCl in the UK. The chemical was historically called acidum salis and spirits of salt because it was produced from rock salt and green vitriol (salt and sulfate) It is a naturally-occurring component of the gastric acid produced in the digestive systems of most animal species, including humans. It has been an important and frequently used chemical from early history and was known to European alchemists as spirits ofSalt or acidum Salis.
In 17th century, Johann Rudolf Glauber from Karlstadt am Main, Germany used sodium chloride salt and sulfuric acid for the preparation of sodium sulfate in the Mannheim process, releasing hydrogen chloride gas. Joseph Priestley of Leeds prepared pure hydrogen chloride in 1772, and by 1808 England had proved that the chemical composition included hydrogen and chlorine. During the Industrial Revolution in Europe, demand for alkaline substances increased. A new industrial process developed by Nicolas Leblanc enabled the large-scale production of sodium carbonate in France, enabling cheap production of carbonate. In 1830, HCl began to be captured to be used in the manufacture of soda ash, which is converted to soda ashic acid, using sodium chloride and coal ash, using a process known as the LeBlanc process. This process, known as Leblan process, began in 1830, and began the early production of HCl and HCl-based soda ash. The process was used to make soda ash in France and other countries, with the exception of the British, where HCl is still used to produce soda ash and carbonate. In 1814, the chemical was captured and captured by the early Chemical Works in Bonnington, where it could be used to be sold as a vented vented acid. It can also be found in the U.S. and other European countries, such as Germany.