Haikou is the capital and most populous city of the Chinese province of Hainan. There are 2,046,189 inhabitants in the built up area all living within the 4 urban districts of the city. The city is home to Hainsan University, a comprehensive research university under the Project 211 and the Double First Class University Plan.
About Haikou in brief
Haikou is the capital and most populous city of the Chinese province of Hainan. There are 2,046,189 inhabitants in the built up area all living within the 4 urban districts of the city. Haikou was originally a port city, serving as the port for Qiongshan. It was developed as a port during the Second Sino-Japanese War following Japanese occupation. More than half of the island’s total trade still goes through its ports. The city is home to Hainsan University, a comprehensive research university under the Project 211 and the Double First Class University Plan in certain disciplines, which has its main campus on Haidian Island. It is situated on the north coast of Haining Island, facing the Leizhou Peninsula across the Qiongzhou Strait that stretches west from Beibu Bay near Vietnam to the James Shoal bordering the South China Sea to the west. Most of the City is almost completely flat and only a few metres above sea level. It has an area of 2,304.2 km2. The northern part of the. city is the district of Haidan Island, which is separated from the main part of HaikOU by the Haid.ian River, a branch of the Nandu. The hanzi characters comprising the city’s name, 海口, mean oceansea and mouthport, respectively. The name is also a word for’seaport’ – similar to Portsmouth in England. The old town contains the oldest buildings in the city and was largely built by wealthy Chinese from the mainland and some \”Chinese diaspora\” who had returned to their homeland.
The houses are a mixture of styles including Portuguese, French, and Southeast Asian. The streets used to be divided into different areas selling Chinese and western medicine, for silk and bespoke clothes, one for fresh fish and meat, and others for the sale of incense, candles, paper, ink, and other goods. The Temple of the Five Lords is located to the southeast of theCity. The district is accessed by one of the largest bridges, which connects the Guomao district with Haidians Island. From east to west the remaining road connections are provided by the Renmin, Xinbu and Xinbu Bridges. From northeast to northeast the city is served by the Haiku City, Renmin Bridge, and the Huaxi Bridge. The northern. part of Haiman Island is separated by the. Haidia River, which runs northward to the east side of the Mehe River flowing through the northward of the Haimanshui Peninsula. The southern part of. the city, the district. of Hiaman City, is separated. from the southern part. of the province by the Huaiman River, flowing northwards to the north side of Horman Island. In the 13th century it was fortified and became a military post under the Ming dynasty. It was known internationally as ‘Hoihow’, based on the local dialect. In 1926 it was declared a separate administrative city.