George F. Kennan
George Frost Kennan was an American diplomat and historian. He was best known as an advocate of a policy of containment of Soviet expansion during the Cold War. Kennan played a major role in the development of definitive Cold War programs and institutions, notably the Marshall Plan.
About George F. Kennan in brief
George Frost Kennan was an American diplomat and historian. He was best known as an advocate of a policy of containment of Soviet expansion during the Cold War. He lectured widely and wrote scholarly histories of the relations between the USSR and the U.S. Kennan played a major role in the development of definitive Cold War programs and institutions, notably the Marshall Plan. In 1950, Kennan left the Department of State—except for a brief ambassadorial stint in Moscow and a longer one in Yugoslavia—and became a realist critic of U. S. foreign policy. He continued to analyze international affairs as a faculty member of the Institute for Advanced Study from 1956 until his death in 2005 at age 101. He died of peritonitis from a ruptured appendix, though Kennan long believed that she died after giving birth to him. The boy always lamented not having a mother; he was never close to his father or stepmother, however, he was close to older sisters. At the age of eight, he went to Germany to stay with his stepmother in order to learn German. He attended St. John’s Military Academy in Delafield, Wisconsin, and arrived at Princeton University in the second half of 1921. In 1929 Kennan began his program on history, politics, culture, and the Russian language at the University of Berlin’s Oriental Institute. In doing so, he would follow in the footsteps of his grandfather’s younger cousin, George Kennan, a major 19th century expert on Imperial Russia and author of Siberia and the Exile System, a well-received 1891 account of the Czarist prison system.
During the mid-1930s Kennan along with Charles E. Bohlen and Loy Woylen were among the Russian experts of the State Department’s division of East European Affairs. They believed that there was little cooperation with the Soviet Union, even against the Soviets. From his job in Riga, Latvia, as third secretary, he began to mature interest in Russian economic affairs. In 1931 he was stationed at the legation in Latvia, where he worked on Soviet affairs. He later joined the Foreign Service as a vice consul in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1928 he was selected for a linguist training program that would give him three years of graduate-level study without having to quit the service. Within a year he was transferred to a post in Hamburg, Germany. During 1928 Kennan considered quitting the foreign Service to attend college, but decided it was too expensive and instead opted to apply to the newly formed United States Foreign Service. In 1930 he was appointed as the third secretary of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s State Department. In 1933 he accompanied Ambassador William C. Bullitt to Moscow, along with Robert F Kelley, Robert Kelley, and Charles E Bohlen. In 1934 Kennan accompanied President Roosevelt to Moscow to meet with Soviet officials. In 1935 Kennan became the first American to visit the Soviet Embassy in Moscow. In 1936 Kennan traveled to the Soviet Republic to meet Soviet President Joseph Stalin.