Cleopatra VII Philopator (69 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. Her native language was Koine Greek, and she was the only PtoLEmaic ruler to learn the Egyptian language. She died of poisoning, contrary to the popular belief that she was bitten by an aspp. Her son Caesarion was later named co-ruler of Egypt by her successor, Julius Caesar.
About Cleopatra in brief
Cleopatra VII Philopator (69 – 10 or 12 August 30 BC) was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. Her native language was Koine Greek, and she was the only PtoLEmaic ruler to learn the Egyptian language. After the death of Cleopatra, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, marking the end of the second to last Hellenistic state and the age that had lasted since the reign of Alexander. She was the subject of many works of art, including paintings, paintings, poetry, sculptures, and theatrical dramas. She has become a pop culture icon of Egypt since the Victorian era and in modern times in modern and modern times. She died of poisoning, contrary to the popular belief that she was bitten by an aspp. Her son Caesarion was later named co-ruler of Egypt by her successor, Julius Caesar. She had an affair with Mark Antony, who was killed by Octavian in 30 BC. Her legacy survives in ancient and modern works of Art, Roman historiography, Medieval Renaissance literature, and Baroque and Renaissance art. The form Kleopatra comes from the Ancient Greek Kleopáglory, meaning “glory of her father” or “Glory of my father” in Greek. She is also the namesake of the Egyptian city of Cleo, where she was born and grew up. Her daughter Berenice was killed in 55 BC by her father’s forces, and her son Alexander Helios was later killed by the Parthian Empire and the Kingdom of Armenia.
The Donations of Alexandria declared her children to be rulers over various erstwhile territories under Antony’s triumviral authority. In the Liberators’ civil war of 43–42 BC, she sided with the Roman Second Triumvirate formed by Caesar’s grandnephew and heir MarkAntony, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. When Antony planned to bring her to his Roman triumphal procession, she killed herself by poisoning. In 30 BC, Antony defeated Antony in the Battle of Actium, leading to Octavians’ defeat of Antony and his suicide. In 31 BC, the Roman forces invaded Egypt and killed Antony. This event, their marriage, and Antony’s divorce of Octavia Minor led to the Final War of theRoman Republic, and declared war on Cleo and her children. Cleo’s children were later declared rulers of Egypt under the triumViral authority of OctaVian and his son Ptolemaius Helios. She also had a son, Caesarion, who became co- ruler of Egypt in 44 BC. In 40 BC, her daughter Arsinoe IV was eventually exiled to Ephesus for her role in carrying out the siege of the Nile. In 39 BC, Cleo had a daughter, Cleopsatra Selene II, who later became the first female Egyptian king.