Chechnya is a republic of Russia situated in the North Caucasus of Eastern Europe, close to the Caspian Sea. The republic covers an area of 17,300 square kilometres, with a population of over 1.4 million residents. It is home to the indigenous Chechens, a people of Vainakh ancestry and primarily Muslim faith.
About Chechnya in brief
Chechnya is a republic of Russia situated in the North Caucasus of Eastern Europe, close to the Caspian Sea. The republic covers an area of 17,300 square kilometres, with a population of over 1.4 million residents. It is home to the indigenous Chechens, a people of Vainakh ancestry and primarily Muslim faith. Traces of human settlement dating back to 40,000 BC were found near Lake Kezanoi. The insurgency against the lowland tribes of the Mongols began in the 1300s. In 1991 the Jordanian historian Abdul-Ghani Khameran presented a photocopy of old Arabic scripts claiming that Alania was in Chechnya. In 1239, the capital of Magas was destroyed by the Alan confederacy of the Northern Caucasian highlanders and the new capital of Ingushetia was built on the same place on which Zayats – Dayats is now built. In 1300–1400, there was frequent warfare between the Alans, Tlanlan, Tokamans, Tokhtamysh, and the Alan tribes. The Alan tribes built fortresses, castles, defensive walls and defensive walls protecting the mountains from the invaders. The Alans were eventually defeated by the Mongol tribes of Partland. In 1400, the Alan tribe built a fortress on the banks of the Terek River, which they called Magas. The Magas fortress was later destroyed by Batu Khan, who built a new capital at Magas, which is now located on the Zayat River. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Chechen-Ingush ASSR was split into two parts: the Republic of IngUShetia and the Chechn Republic.
The latter proclaimed the Chechens Republic of Ichkeria, which sought independence. Russian federal control was restored during the Second Chechen War. Since then there has been a systematic reconstruction and rebuilding process, though sporadic fighting continued to take place in the mountains and southern regions until 2019. The word Caucasian is derived from the 11th-century Georgian chronicler, the word Caucasian. According to George Anchabadze of Ilia State University The Vainakhs are the ancient natives of the Caucasus. The Vains are presented as the most \”Caucasian\” people of all the Caucasians in the Georgian historical tradition. In the ancient Georgian written sources, the name Kavkasians, signifying the ancestors of Chechens and Ingush, is used to refer to the Vainkhs. This period also saw the invention of the wheel, horseback riding, metal works, dishes, armor, daggers, knives, arrow tips. The artefacts were found in the plains and mountains. Some of them dated back to 8000 BC. People living in these settlements used tools, fire, and animal skins as clothing. In modern times, revealed tools made out of stone: stone axes, polished stones, stone knives, stones with holes drilled in them, clay dishes etc.