Borough of Elmbridge
Elmbridge is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England. Its principal towns are Esher, Cobham, Walton-on-Thames, Weybridge and Molesey. It directly borders the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames and the London Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames.
About Borough of Elmbridge in brief
Elmbridge is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England. Its principal towns are Esher, Cobham, Walton-on-Thames, Weybridge and Molesey. It directly borders the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames and the London Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. Areas of the borough form a continuation of the Greater London built-up area, formerly falling into the Metropolitan Police District. There is only one civil parish, Claygate, while the remainder of the area has two rather than three tiers of local government. Responsibility for some designated services is with Surrey County Council, such as social services and transport. Elmbridge is named after the Elmbridge hundred, which appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Amelebrige. The district was formed on 1 April 1974 following the Local Government Act 1972. The name thus derives from the river Amele or Emley rather than Elm trees. After elections on 2 May 2019 and defections, there are 19 Conservative councillors, 18 Residents’ Group and independent councillors, 10 Liberal Democrats and one Brexit Party councillor.
The central band of Elmbridge includes part of the Wisley and Ockham Commons reserve within the national wildlife trust: Ockley and Wisley Wildlife Trust. The northern third of the Borough is flatter and fertile with free draining slightly acid loamy soil, similar to the south, as described in the Surrey article. In the next third, the first of the remarkable acid soil heaths in west Surrey begin to appear in places here, characterised by undulating heaths: these sandy and stony reliefs start in the east in the Esher Commons. Most of the land in the Metropolitan Green Belt is undeveloped land in an area known as the Garden Garden Belt, which is a natural soil for pines, other evergreen trees as well as heather and gorse.