BASE jumping is the recreational sport of jumping from fixed objects. Participants exit from a fixed object such as a cliff, and after an optional freefall delay, deploy a parachute to slow their descent and land. A popular form of BASE jumping is wingsuit BASE jumping. The first BASE jump was from El Capitan on January 18, 1981.
About BASE jumping in brief
BASE jumping is the recreational sport of jumping from fixed objects. Participants exit from a fixed object such as a cliff, and after an optional freefall delay, deploy a parachute to slow their descent and land. A popular form of BASE jumping is wingsuit BASE jumping. BASE numbers are awarded to those who have made at least one jump from each of the four categories. The 1000th application for a BASE number was filed in March 2005 and BASE #1000 was awarded to Matt \”Harley\” Moilanen of Grand Rapids, Michigan. As of May 2017, over 2,000 BASE numbers have been issued. The acronym was coined by filmmaker Carl Boenish, his wife Jean, Phil Smith, and Phil Mayfield. The first BASE jump was from El Capitan on January 18, 1981, which was the effective birth of what is now called BASE jumpers. In the early eighties, nearly all BASE jumps were made using standard skydiving equipment, including two parachutes and deployment components. Later on, specialized equipment and techniques were developed specifically for the unique needs of BASE jumped. Modern purpose-built BASE jumping equipment is considered to be much safer and more reliable. Since there is only a single parachute, BASE jumping containers are mechanically mechanically simpler than skydive containers. When BASE jumping from high mountains, BASEers will often use special clothing to improve control. A modern ultralight BASE system including parachute release system can weigh as little as 3 kilograms.
A 3-ring release system contains a parachute release release system that does not need to contain a cut-away parachute. BASEers often use extra large pilot chutes to compensate for the lower airspeed parachute deployments, for faster lower jumps. On lower jumps, the jumpers use a slider for faster use of the parachute chutes, which is removed for faster landings. The biggest difference in gear is that while skydivers jump with a main and a reserve parachute, Base jumpers carry only one parachute. The parachute is typically flown with a wing loading of around 0. 7 lbssqft. Vents are one element that make a parachute suitable for BASE jumping, and are used to make a BASE jumper’s parachute look more like a normal skydiver’s parachute. A BASE jump is significantly more hazardous than other forms of parachuting, and is widely regarded to be one of the most dangerous extreme sports. It is not known who the first BASE jumper was. Fausto Veranzio is widely believed to have been the first person to build and test a parachute, by jumping from St Mark’s Campanile in Venice in 1617 when over sixty-five years old. However, these and other sporadic incidents were one-time experiments, not the systematic pursuit of a new form of parachuted. In 1978, BASE jumps had been made prior to that time, with hundreds of participants making fixed-object jumps. By this time, the concept had spread among skyd divers worldwide.
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This page is based on the article BASE jumping published in Wikipedia (as of Jan. 04, 2021) and was automatically summarized using artificial intelligence.