Virginia is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Southern United States. The Blue Ridge Mountains and Chesapeake Bay provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most-populous city. The state government is unique in how it treats cities and counties equally, manages local roads, and prohibits governors from serving consecutive terms.
About Virginia in brief
Virginia is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Southern United States. The Blue Ridge Mountains and Chesapeake Bay provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most-populous city. The Commonwealth’s estimated population as of 2019 is over 8. 54 million, with 36% of them living in the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area. Virginia’s state legislature is the Virginia General Assembly, which was established in 1619 and is the oldest continuous law-making body in North America. It is made up of a 40-member Senate and a 100-member House of Delegates. The state government is unique in how it treats cities and counties equally, manages local roads, and prohibits governors from serving consecutive terms. Virginia is bordered by Maryland and Washington, D. C. to the north and east; by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, by North Carolina to the south; by Tennessee to the southwest; by Kentucky to the west; and by West Virginia to thenorth and west. The area’s history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent English colony in the New World. Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution. In the American Civil War, Virginia’s Secession Convention resolved to join the Confederacy while the First Wheeling Convention resolve to remain in the Union, leading to a split that created West Virginia.
Sea level rise has eroded the land on Virginia’s islands, which include Tangier Island in the bay and Chincoteague, one of 23 barrier islands on the Atlantic coast. Virginia has a total area of 42,774. 2 square miles, including 3,180. 13 square miles of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. The region is known for its heavy clay soil, known for the Southwest Mesozoic era, around Charlottesville, and the Appalachian Mountains with the Allegheny Plateau. In this region, rivers flow into a dendritic drainage system into the Ohio River basin. The Cumberland Mountains are the southwest corner of Virginia, south of the Alleghenia River, and southwest of the Cumberland Plateau, in southwest Virginia. The highest points in the commonwealth, the tallest being Mount Rogers, at 5729 feet, are the tallest point in the Virginia Seismic Zone. The Tidewater is a coastal plain between the Atlantic Coast and the fall line. It includes the Eastern Shore and major estuaries of ChesapeakeBay and majorEstuaries, which formed in a series of heavy Piedmont earthquakes. The Chesapeake bay was formed from the drowned river valleys of the Susquehanna River and the James River, which create three peninsulas in the Bay. Many of Virginia’s riversflow into the Chesapeakebay, including the Potomac, Rappahannock, York, and James.