Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania and the second-largest city in the Baltic states. It is known for the architecture in its Old Town, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. The name of the city originates from the Vilnia River, from the Lithuanian for ripple.
About Vilnius, Lithuania in brief
Vilnius is the capital of Lithuania and the second-largest city in the Baltic states. It is known for the architecture in its Old Town, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. The name of the city originates from the Vilnia River, from the Lithuanian for ripple. Vilnius was one of the largest Jewish centres in Europe before World War II. Its Jewish influence has led to its nickname \”the Jerusalem of Lithuania\”. Napoleon called it \” the Jerusalem of the North\” as he was passing through in 1812. The most notable non-Lithuanian names for the city include Polish: Wilno, Belarusian: Вiльня, German: Wilna, Latvian: Viļņa, Ukrainian: Vilna. Vilna is still used in Finnish, Portuguese, Spanish, and Hebrew. In 2009, VilNius was the European Capital of Culture, together with Linz, Austria. The city was first mentioned in 1323 as Vilna when the Letters of Grand Duke Gediminas were sent to German cities inviting Germans to settle in the city, as well as Pope John XXII. The location of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania offered practical advantages: it lay at the confluence of two navigable rivers, surrounded by forests and wetlands that were difficult to penetrate by the Teutonic Knights. The first Franciscan Catholic church was built in the area in the 13th century.
VilNus is a historic and a present-day Capital of Lithuania. It was the seat of Lithuania’s national government and the Vilnious District Municipality. It has a population of 587,581 as of 2019, with a functional urban area of 706,832, while there were 732,421 permanent inhabitants as of October 2020 in Vil nius city and Vilnus district municipalities combined. Vil nus is the second largest city in Lithuania, after Ljubljana, and the capital city of the Republic of Estonia. The population of Vilnulus’s functional urban areas is estimated at 706,.832, while according to the Vil nuss territorial health insurance fund, there were 587,.581 permanent inhabitants in October 2020. The names Wilno,. Wilna and Vilna were also used in older English, German, French and Italian language publications when the city was one. of the capitals of the Polish–Lithuian Commonwealth and an important city in. the Second Polish Republic. A Russian name from the time of the Russian Empire was Виlyьна, although is now used. The name Vilna was once common in English. Wilna, along with Vilnians, is stillused in German, along and Vil nipsius. It also has names in other languages, which represent the languages spoken by various ethnic groups in the region, such as Yiddish.
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