Shenyang, formerly known as Fengtian or by its Manchu name Mukden, is a major Chinese sub-provincial city and the provincial capital of Liaoning province. Located in central-north Liaoning, it is the province’s most populous city, with a total metropolitan population up to 8. 1 million. It is the central city of one of the major megalopolises in China, the Greater Shenyang Metropolitan Area, which has a total population over 23 million.
About Shenyang, China in brief
Shenyang, formerly known as Fengtian or by its Manchu name Mukden, is a major Chinese sub-provincial city and the provincial capital of Liaoning province. Located in central-north Liaoning, it is the province’s most populous city, with a total metropolitan population up to 8. 1 million. It is also the central city of one of the major megalopolises in China, the Greater Shenyang Metropolitan Area, which has a total population over 23 million. Archaeological findings show that humans resided in present-day Shenyang as early as 8,000 years ago. The remains of the Xinle culture, a late neolithic period society over 6,800–7,200 years old, are located in a museum in the north part of Huanggu District. The city is home to several major universities, notably Northeastern University and Liaoning University, members of China’s prestigious universities in the Project 211. Shenyang literally means \”the yang side of the Shen River\” and refers to the location of the Hun River, on the southern side ofThe city is one of China’s most important industrial centers, and serves as the transportation and commercial hub of the northeast. It has been a center of heavy industry in China since the 1930s, and the spearhead of the Chinese central government’s Northeast Area Revitalization Plan, the city has been diversifying its industry, including expanding into the service sector. It was first established in about 300 BCE during the Warring States period by Yan general Qin Kai, who conquered the Liaodong region, and was then named Hou City.
Around 350 years later during the reign of Emperor Guangwu of Han, theCity was sacked and burnt by the Donghu nomads and subsequently abandoned. The area of modern Shenyang was divided between two commanderies called Liaodongs and Xuantu around 107 CE. The region was in disarray during the fourth century until the Koguryo occupied both commanderies in 404. In 916, the Shenyang Prefecture was ruled by the Liao dynasty and was known as the Central Guard Guard. In 1625, the Manchu leader Nurhaci captured the city and decided to relocate his entire administrative infrastructures to Shenyang. During the Ming dynasty, it was designated as a ‘guard town’ named Shenyang Central Guard or Simiyan Guard. The Sui dynasty recaptured the area and established a new LiaodONG Commandery in what is now modern Shen Yang. In 645, the Tang forces sent forces to fight against Kogura and captured Xuantucheng and Gaimoucheng and Soon 45, Soon after, Shenyang enjoyed nearly 250 years of stability and development by the Tang dynasty and became known as Shenyang prefecture. It became one of most important strongholds beyond the Shanhai Pass and gradually became gradually more important and gradually the city became gradually less important.
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