The Mummers Parade is held each New Year’s Day in Philadelphia. The parade traces back to mid-17th-century roots, blending elements from Swedish, Finnish, Irish, English, German, and other European heritages. An official ban on blackface effective in 1964, has continued to include blackface, brownface, or redface caricatures and other racial and ethnic impersonation.
About Mummers Parade in brief
The Mummers Parade is held each New Year’s Day in Philadelphia. The parade traces back to mid-17th-century roots, blending elements from Swedish, Finnish, Irish, English, German, and other European heritages, as well as African heritage. The Mummers derive their name from the Mummers’ plays performed in Philadelphia in the 18th century as part of a wide variety of working class street celebrations around Christmas. An official ban on blackface effective in 1964, has continued to include blackface, brownface, or redface caricatures and other racial and ethnic impersonation, as of 2020’s parade. A national campaign to get the parade nationally televised, an edited two-hour broadcast of the parade was picked up by WGN America and WGN-TV; the broadcast debuted January 3, 2009. The first official parade was held January 1, 1901, and the first string band, Trilby, was organized in 1898. The earliest documented club had formed in 1840 and Golden Crown first marched in 1876. By 1900, paraders made the street ‘almost like a masked Ball’ The parade has been broadcast since 1993 on WPHL-TV, which has live streamed the event on its website since 2011. By 2000, local paraders formed part of an organized, city-sanctioned parade with cash prizes for the best performances, with prizes for best costumes, best cake, and best costumes. By the 1980s, local rivals had formed with Silver Crown forming soon after The Chain Gang in 1881, and by the 1990s, the Silver Crown had formed after The Silver Crown.
The city government began to pursue a policy of co-option, requiring participants to join organized groups with designated leaders who had to apply for permits and were responsible for their groups actions. In the early 19th century, these coalesced with earlier Swedish customs, including the Christmas neighbor visits and possibly shooting firearms. An 1808 law decreed that \”masquerades\” and \”masquerade halls\” were ‘common nuisances’ and that anyone participating would be subject to a fine and imprisonment. U.S. President George Washington carried on the official custom of New Year’s Day calls during the seven years he occupied President’s House in Philadelphia, The Mummer’s continued their traditions of comic verse in exchange for cakes and ale. In 1839, Henry Muhlenberg, writing in1839, reported, “Men met on the roads in Tinicum and Kingsessing, who were disguised as clowns, shouting at the top of their voices and shooting guns.’’ In 1859, a report said, ‘Men met in the street in Kingsessing,. who were disguising themselves, shouting, shouting and shouting,’ They appointed a speech director who performed a special dance with a traditional rhyme: Here we stand before your door,As we stood the year before;Give us whiskey; give us gin,Open the door and let us in. Or give us something nice and hotLike a steaming hot bowl of pepper pot!
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This page is based on the article Mummers Parade published in Wikipedia (as of Jan. 03, 2021) and was automatically summarized using artificial intelligence.