Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As of 2018, Mumbai is the second-most populous city in the country after Delhi. It has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. It is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus and the city’s distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings.
About Mumbai, India in brief
Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As of 2018, Mumbai is the second-most populous city in the country after Delhi. It has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. It is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city’s distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings. The name Mumbai is derived from Mumbā or Mahā-Ambā—the name of the patron goddess Mumbadevi of the native Koli community. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Mumbai was created with Bombay as the capital. The city houses important financial institutions and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations. Mumbai is also home to Bollywood and Marathi cinema industries. Mumbai has the eighth-highest number of billionaires of any city inThe world, and Mumbai’s billionaires had the highest average wealth of anyCity in the world in 2008. The oldest known names for the city are Kakamuchee and Galajunkja; these are sometimes still used. In 1516, Portuguese explorer Duarte Duarte used the name Tana-Maiambu: Tana Tana to refer to the town of Thana. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name Bombay was anglicised to Mombay. The French traveller Louis Rousselet referred to the city as Manbai in 1863.
After the English. gained possession of the city in 17th century, the Portuguese name was Bombay Ali Muhammad Khan de Ahmedi, or Mirat Ali Khan de Mirat, or revenue minister of the province, in the Mirat-mediwan or revenue province of Gujarat. It was also known as Bombay bɒmˈbeɪ, the official name until 1995, and Bombaim in the 17th and 18th centuries. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city, and is one of the world’s top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow, generating 6.16% of India’s GDP, and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India, and 70% of capital transactions to India’s economy. Mumbai was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea in the mid-18th century. Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. Upon India’s independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State. It became the financial, commercial and the entertainment capital of India. The centre of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, the sixth most populous metropolitan area in the World with a population of over 23 million.