The Mediterranean diet is a diet inspired by the eating habits of Spain, Italy and Greece in the 1960s. Olive oil has been studied as a potential health factor for reducing all-cause mortality and the risk of chronic diseases. The diet is low in saturated fat with high amounts of monounSaturated fat and dietary fiber.
About Mediterranean diet in brief
The Mediterranean diet is a diet inspired by the eating habits of Spain, Italy and Greece in the 1960s. The diet includes proportionally high consumption of olive oil, legumes, unrefined cereals, fruits, and vegetables. Olive oil has been studied as a potential health factor for reducing all-cause mortality and the risk of chronic diseases. The Mediterranean diet may help with weight loss in obese people. It is one of three healthy diets recommended in the 2015-2020 US Dietary Guidelines, which also include the DASH diet or a vegetarian diet. The American Heart Association and American Diabetes Association recommend the Mediterranean diet as a healthy dietary pattern that may reduce therisk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes, respectively. The European Food Safety Authority Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies approved health claims on olive oil for protection by its polyphenols against oxidation of blood lipids and for the contribution to the maintenance of normal blood LDL-cholesterol levels by replacing saturated fats in the diet with oleic acid (Oleic Acid is a monounsaturated fat found in olive oil and is a key component of the Mediterranean Diet).
The diet is low in saturated fat with high amounts of monounSaturated fat and dietary fiber. It also includes moderate to high consumption. of fish, moderate consumption of dairy products, moderate wine consumption, and low consumption of non-fish meat products. A 2017 review found evidence that practice of a Mediterranean diet could lead to a decreased risk of cardiovascular. diseases, overall cancer incidence, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, and early death. A 2016 review found similar weight loss as other diets. It was designed from the \”Healthy U.S. -Style Eating Pattern\”, but it contains more fruits and seafood, and less dairy. A 2013 Cochrane review found limited evidence that aiterranean diet favorably affects cardiovascular risk factors.