Laogai is a criminal justice system involving the use of penal labour and prison farms in the People’s Republic of China. The system has been estimated to have caused tens of millions of deaths and it has also been likened to slavery by its critics. In 2008, the Laogai Research Foundation, a human rights NGO located in Washington, DC, estimated that approximately 1,045 laogai facilities were operating in China.
About Laogai in brief
Laogai is a criminal justice system involving the use of penal labour and prison farms in the People’s Republic of China. The system has been estimated to have caused tens of millions of deaths and it has also been likened to slavery by its critics. The products manufactured by prison labor in China are of extremely low quality and have become unsalable on the open market in competition with products made by non-imprisoned paid labor. In 2008, the Laogai Research Foundation, a human rights NGO located in Washington, DC, estimated that approximately 1,045 laogai facilities were operating in China. In the 21st century, critics have said that Chinese prisons produce products for sale in foreign countries, with the profits going to the PRC government. Unlike Laojiao inmates, inmates are issued clothing. Depending on the locale and economic situation, the quality of clothing can vary significantly. Some prisoners receive black or grey while others wear dark red or blue. Also issued to prisoners are a pair of plastic shoes made of rubber or rubber. These minimums do not meet the needs of the prisoners, who must purchase underclothes, hats, and meager socks, with their meager earnings of monthly wages. The West’s criticism of the laogsai is based not only on the export of productsMade by forced labor, but also on the claims of detainees being held for political or religious violations, such as leadership of unregistered Chinese House Churches. The Chinese government has statedOur economic theory hold the human being is the most fundamental productive force.
Except for those who must be exterminated physically out of political consideration, human beings must be utilized as productive forces, with submissiveness as the prerequisite. The Laogsai’s fundamental policy is \”Forced Labor as a means, while Thought Reform, our aim is basic aim is to educate and reform our citizens. The laogsa is not, as some have claimed, \”the Chinese equivalent of the Soviet gulag\”, says James D. Seymour and Richard Anderson, an expert on China’s prison system at the University of California, Los Angeles. The prison system is classified as a’state-run enterprise’ by the Chinese government. It is estimated that there are about 500,000 to 2 million detainees in China, with an estimated 1,000,000 of them in the Laogsa prison system. It has been described as the ‘Chinese equivalent of a gulag’ by Harry Wu. Wu spent 19 years, from 1960 to 1979, as a prisoner in these camps, for having criticized the government while he was a young college student. After almost starving to death in the camps, he eventually moved to the U.S. as a visiting scholar in 1985. He was a guest scholar in the United States as a young student in 1985 and lived in California for three years before returning to China in 1987. He spent time as a student in China in the 1960s and 1970s. He has written books, including Troublemaker, that describe the system from the 190s to the 1990s.