Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state in the Deep South region of the Southern United States. Founded in 1733 as a British colony, Georgia was the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established. Georgia declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, and was one of the seven Confederate States. Georgia is the 24th-largest in area and 8th-most populous of the 50 United States, with a 2019 estimated population of 10,617,423.
About Georgia (U.S. state) in brief
Georgia is a state in the Deep South region of the Southern United States. Founded in 1733 as a British colony, Georgia was the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established. The state’s northernmost regions include the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the larger Appalachian Mountain system. Georgia’s highest point is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet above sea level; the lowest is the Atlantic Ocean. Georgia declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, and was one of theOriginal seven Confederate States. Following the Civil War, it was last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Since 1945, Georgia has seen substantial population growth as part of a broader Sun Belt phenomenon. 14 of Georgia’s counties ranked among the nation’s 100 fastest-growing. Georgia is the 24th-largest in area and 8th-most populous of the 50 United States, with a 2019 estimated population of 10,617,423. The Atlanta metropolitan area is the 9th most populous metropolitan area in the United States and contains about 57% of Georgia’s entire population. In 1829, gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains, leading to the Georgia Gold Rush and establishment of a mint in Dahlonega, which continued in operation until 1861. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson forced the Muscogee tribes to surrender 21 million acres in what is now southern Georgia and central Alabama, including Fort Jackson and the Treaty of Indian Springs. Despite the Supreme Court’s ruling in Worcester v Georgia, Georgia’s present-day states were sent to reservations in the Removal Act of Oklahoma, sending many eastern American nations to present day Oklahoma, including all of the present day states of Georgia, Alabama, and Oklahoma.
Georgia has a humid subtropical climate. Of the states entirely east of the Mississippi River, Georgia is the largest in land area. The Piedmont plateau extends from the foothills of the Blue Mountain foothills south to the Fall Line, an escarpment to the coastal plain defining the state’s southern region. The highest point in the state is Brasstown Bald at 4,783 feet above sealevel; the lowest is the Atlantic Ocean at Brisstown Bald. Georgia was named after King George II of Great Britain, who ruled from 1733 to 1752. In 1752, after the government failed to renew subsidies that had helped support the colony, the Trustees turned over control to the crown. Georgia became a crown colony with a governor appointed by the king. The Province of Georgia revolted against British rule in the American Revolution by signing the 1776 Declaration of Independence. From 1802 to 1804, western Georgia was split to form the Mississippi Territory, which later was admitted as the U.S. states of Alabama and Mississippi. In 2007 to 2008, 14 ofGeorgia’s counties rankings among the Nation’s 100 Fastest Growing Counties. Georgia is defined by a diversity of landscapes, flora, and fauna.