The Buddha was a philosopher, mendicant, meditator, spiritual teacher, and religious leader who lived in Ancient India. He taught for around 45 years and built a large following, both monastic and lay. His teachings were compiled by the Buddhist community in the Suttas, which contain his discourses.
About Gautama Buddha in brief
The Buddha was a philosopher, mendicant, meditator, spiritual teacher, and religious leader who lived in Ancient India. He is revered as the founder of the world religion of Buddhism, and worshipped by most Buddhist schools as the Enlightened One who has transcended Karma and escaped the cycle of birth and rebirth. He taught for around 45 years and built a large following, both monastic and lay. The Buddha taught a middle way between sensual indulgence and the severe asceticism found in the Indian śramaṇa movement. His teachings were compiled by the Buddhist community in the Suttas, which contain his discourses, and the Vinaya, his codes for monastic practice. The times of Gautama’s birth and death are uncertain. Most historians in the early 20th century dated his lifetime as c. 563 BCE to 483 BCE. Within the Buddhist tradition of Vietnam, Korea, and Japan, the traditional date for the death of the Buddha is 933 BCE. More recently, it is believed to have died about 833 BCE, while at a symposium on this question in 1988, the majority of those who presented definite opinions gave definite dates within 20 years of either 400 BCE for his death. These alternative chronologies, however, have not been accepted by all historians and may have been raised in what is now modern-day Nepal, Kapilotu, and Tilakavastu, which may have raised what is either what is present in the present day Tilakovastu and Kapilovasti.
The term is often thought to mean either \”one who has thus gone\” or \”onewho has thus come\”, possibly referring to the transcendental nature of the Buddhist’s spiritual attainment. The Pali Canon also contains numerous other titles and epithets for the Buddha, including: All-seeing, All-transcending sage, Bull among men, The Caravan leader, Dispeller of darkness, The Eye, Foremost of charioteers, Fore most of those that can cross, King of the Dharma, Kinsman of the Sun, Helper of the World, Lion, Lord of the Dhamma, Of excellent wisdom, Radiant One, Torchbearer of mankind, Unsurpassed doctor and surgeon, Victor in battle, and Wielder of power. Later generations composed additional texts, such as systematic treatises known as Abhidharma, biographies, and collections of stories about the Buddha’s past lives known as Jataka tales, and additional discourses. These were passed down in Middle-Indo Aryan dialects through an oral tradition. The Buddha also often refers to himself as Tathāgata ). In the early texts, he was also known by other names and titles, suchas Shakyamuni. In theEarly texts, the Buddha alsooften refers tohim as Titha. He was born into an aristocratic family in the Shakya clan but renounced lay life.