Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County. The 2019 U.S. census estimate put the city population at 140,407, while Greater Dayton was estimated to be at 803,416 residents. The city is also known for its many patents, inventions, and inventors, most notably the Wright brothers’ invention of powered flight.
About Dayton, Ohio in brief
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County. The 2019 U.S. census estimate put the city population at 140,407, while Greater Dayton was estimated to be at 803,416 residents. Dayton is within Ohio’s Miami Valley region, just north of Greater Cincinnati. The city is also known for its many patents, inventions, and inventors, most notably the Wright brothers’ invention of powered flight. On Memorial Day of 2019 Dayton was affected by a tornado outbreak, in which a total of 15 tornadoes touched down in the Dayton area. In 2007 Dayton was a part of the top 100 cities in America. In 2008, 2009, and 2010, Site Selection magazine ranked Dayton the #1 mid-sized metropolitan area in the nation for economic development. In 2010, Dayton was named one of the best places in the United States for college graduates to find a job. It is estimated that Premier Health Partners, a hospital network, contributes more than USD 2 billion a year to the region through operating, employment, and capital expenditures. In 1890, Dayton had granted more patents per capita than any other U. S. city as early as 1870. The Wright brothers, Charles F. Kettering and James Ritty, hailed from Dayton, were the world-renowned inventors of the airplane and the Enigma machine during World War II. In 1906, Charles Kettering helped develop the first electric cash register, which propelled NCR into the national spotlight. NCR also helped develop a code-breaking machine that helped crack the Navy Bombe, which helped break the code during WWII.
In 1827, construction on the Dayton–Cincinnati canal began, which would provide a better way to transport goods from Dayton to Cincinnati and contribute significantly to Dayton’s economic growth during the 1800s. It was named after Jonathan Dayton, a captain in the American Revolutionary War who signed the U. s. Constitution and owned a significant amount of land in the area. In 1841, the village of Dayton was incorporated in 1805 and chartered as a city in 1841. The company manufactured the first mechanical cash registers and played a crucial role in the shaping of Dayton’s reputation as an epicenter for manufacturing in the early 1900s. In 1911, John Henry Patterson acquired James Rittger’s National Manufacturing Company along with his cash register patents and formed the National Cash Register Company. In 1912, the company was purchased by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, which went on to become the largest telephone company in the world. In 1913, the National Telephone & Telegraph Company was founded, which contributed significantly to the growth of the city. In 1914, the Dayton-Cincinnati Canal was completed, opening the first overland connection between Cincinnati and Dayton. In 1927, the city was incorporated as the city of Dayton and the city became the first city in Ohio to be part of Ohio’s Medicaid program. In 1929, the Ohio State legislature passed a bill that would provide public assistance for the poor.