The Persians were an Iranian people who arrived in what is today Iran c. 1000 BC. Around 850 BC the original nomadic people who began the empire called themselves the Parsa. The name Persia is a Greek and Latin pronunciation of the native word referring to the country of the people originating from Persis. The Persian term Xšāça, meaning ‘Empire’, was used to refer to their multinational state.
About Achaemenid Empire in brief
The Achaemenid Empire was an ancient Iranian empire based in Western Asia founded by Cyrus the Great. It was larger than any previous empire in history, spanning 5. 5 million square kilometers. It is noted in Western history as the antagonist of the Greek city-states during the Greco-Persian Wars and for the emancipation of the Jewish exiles in Babylon. The empire also set the tone for the politics, heritage and history of Iran. The Persians were an Iranian people who arrived in what is today Iran c. 1000 BC and settled a region including north-western Iran, the Zagros Mountains and Persis. Around 850 BC the original nomadic people who began the empire called themselves the Parsa and their constantly shifting territory Parsua. The name Persia is a Greek and Latin pronunciation of the native word referring to the country of the people originating from Persis. The Persian term Xšāça, meaning ‘Empire’, was used to refer to their multinational state. The Persian nation contains a number of tribes as listed here… : the Pasargadae, Maraphii, and Maspii, upon which all the other tribes are dependent. The Parsa are the most distinguished; they contain the clan of the Achaemanids from which spring the Perseid kings.
The Medes, another group of Iranian peoples, established a short-lived Iranian empire and played a role in the overthrow of the Assyrians of Anshan. The Elamite Empire was also known as Cyrus I, Cambyses II, and Cyrus Ishtus II, who created the empire. In Herodotus’ Inscription on the Tomb of the Cappadocia, he writes that Cyrus I was the first king of the empire, and that he was the son of Cyrus I. According to the Cattarabes, Cyrus I and Cambysus II were the first rulers of the Anshans, and were known as the kings of the Cambysan. In the Middle Ages, the Elamites were called the Susa, which means ‘King of Susa’ or ‘Anshan’. There are conflicting accounts of the identities of the earliest Kings of An Shansan, with some claiming to be Cyrus I or Cattars II. The first Persian kings were known to have been Cyrus I (Cyrus the Great) and Cattara I (Herodotus II) Cyrus I’s son, Cattaran I, was known to be the king of AnShan, and was known as ‘The Great’ and ‘Cattaras II’ Cyrus I Ishshan, also known to the Herodotas, was the founder of the Persian Empire. He was also the father of the modern city of Marashan near Marasht, near modern-day Marash, and is credited with creating the city.