Monarchy of the United Kingdom
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy. The current monarch and head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who ascended the throne in 1952. As the monarchy is constitutional the monarch is limited to functions such as bestowing honours and appointing the prime minister, which are performed in a non-partisan manner.
About Monarchy of the United Kingdom in brief
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy. The current monarch and head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who ascended the throne in 1952. The monarch and their immediate family undertake various official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties. As the monarchy is constitutional the monarch is limited to functions such as bestowing honours and appointing the prime minister, which are performed in a non-partisan manner. The British monarchy traces its origins from the petty kingdoms of early medieval Scotland and Anglo-Saxon England, which consolidated into the kingdoms of England and Scotland by the 10th century. The monarch was the nominal head of the vast British Empire, which covered a quarter of the world’s land area at its greatest extent in 1921. The Queen’s image is used to signify British sovereignty and government authority, for instance, appearing on currency, and her portrait in government buildings. The sovereign is further both mentioned in and the subject of songs, loyal toasts, and salutes, and is the British national anthem. Oaths of allegiance are made to the Queen and her lawful successors. The Sovereign’s role as a constitutional monarch is largely limited to non- partisan functions, such as granting honours. Whenever necessary, the monarch responsible for appointing a new prime minister must appoint an individual who commands an individual support of the House of Commons, usually the leader of the party or coalition that has the largest majority in that House. Since 1945, there would usually have been a monarch who would be likely to have the most support in that party, though it would usually be the largest party of the largest support.
The prime minister takes office by attending the monarch’s private audience, and that appointment is effective immediately without any other formality or formality. This role has been recognised since the 19th century as the \”dignified part\” of government rather than the part of government that is part of the constitution. The United Kingdom and fifteen other independent sovereign states that share the same person as their monarch are called Commonwealth realms. Each country is sovereign and independent of the others, and the monarch has a different, specific, and official national title and style for each realm. George VI and his successor, Elizabeth II,. adopted the title Head of the Commonwealth as a symbol of the free association of its independent member states. In the uncodified Constitution of the U.K., the monarch is the head of State. The Queen is also Head of British Armed Forces. The Government of the UK is known as Her Majesty’s Government, and it is the responsibility of the monarch to lead the British Armed forces. The role of the Prime Minister is that of the Secretary of State for Defence, Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and the Chief of the Defence Staff. The Prime Minister has the power to appoint a new Prime Minister in accordance with unwritten constitutional conventions, usually in the case of a hung parliament or coalition of parties that has a majority of support in the Commons.