The Lok Sabha, or House of the People, is the lower house of India’s bicameral Parliament. Members are elected by universal suffrage and a first-past-the-post system. The 17th Lok Sabha was elected in May 2019 and is the latest to date. The maximum strength of the House allotted by the Constitution of India is 552.
About Lok Sabha in brief
The Lok Sabha, or House of the People, is the lower house of India’s bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha. Members of the Lok Sabha are elected by adult universal suffrage and a first-past-the-post system. They hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers. The 17th Lok Sabha was elected in May 2019 and is the latest to date. The Lok Sabha has its own television channel, Lok Sabha TV, headquartered within the premises of Parliament. The maximum strength of the House allotted by the Constitution of India is 552. Currently, the house has 543 seats which is made up by the election of up to 543 elected members and at a maximum. 131 seats are reserved for representatives of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The quorum for the House is 10% of the total membership. An exercise to redraw Lok Sabha constituencies’ boundaries is carried out by the Boundary Delimitation Commission of India every decade based on the Indian census, last of which was conducted in 2011. A seat in Lok Sabha can be disqualified in the following circumstances: A person cannot be a member of Lok Sabha if he or she is found to be ineligible to be a Lok Sabha member. A person can not hold more than one seat in the Rajyya Sabha, which has more powerful powers than Lok Sabha. A member of the Parliament of India cannot be more powerful than the President of India. Members are elected directly by the people of India, on the basis of Universal Suffrage, and each state is divided into territorial constituencies under the territorial provisions of the Indian Constitution.
The House has a seating capacity of 550, with a maximum of five members per state. The house meets in the Sansad Bhavan, New Delhi, every five years. It was established on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950, proclaiming India to be a sovereign, democratic republic. It has a capacity of 552 members, with five seats reserved for Scheduled Caste and Tribes, and five seats for the Scheduled Tribe members. Between 1952 and 2020, 2 additional members of the Anglo-Indian community were also nominated by the president of India on the Advice of Government of India,. which was abolished in January 2020 by the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019. It is currently made up of members from the Indian National Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Shiv Sena, the Bahujan Samaj, the Indian Communist Party, and the Shiv Save India Party. The current Lok Sabha is the 17th to have been elected and is based in New Delhi. The last Lok Sabha to be elected was in May 2013. The first General elections were held on 17 April 1952 after the first General Election held from 25 October 1951 to 21 February 1952. The Constitution of the Republic of India contained the founding principles of the law which would govern India in its new form.