José Alberto \”Pepe\” Mujica Cordano (born 20 May 1935) is a Uruguayan farmer and retired politician. He served as the 40th President of Uruguay from 2010 to 2015. A former guerrilla with the Tupamaros, he was imprisoned for 12 years during the military dictatorship in the 1970s and 1980s. He died in a car crash in February 2014, aged 80.
About José Mujica in brief
José Alberto \”Pepe\” Mujica Cordano (born 20 May 1935) is a Uruguayan farmer and retired politician. He served as the 40th President of Uruguay from 2010 to 2015. A former guerrilla with the Tupamaros, he was imprisoned for 12 years during the military dictatorship in the 1970s and 1980s. As the candidate of the Broad Front, he won the 2009 presidential election and took office as President on 1 March 2010. He has been described as \”the world’s humblest head of state\” due to his austere lifestyle and his donation of around 90 percent of his USD 12,000 monthly salary to charities that benefit poor people and small entrepreneurs. He is of Spanish Basque ancestry, and Lucy Cordano, a daughter of Italian immigrants. His father was a small farmer who went bankrupt shortly before his death in 1940, when his son was five. His mother’s parents were very poor immigrants from Liguria. In the mid-1960s, he joined the newly formed MLN-Tupamaros movement, an armed political group inspired by the Cuban Revolution. He participated in the brief 1969 takeover of Pando, a town close to Montevideo, leading one of six squads assaulting strategic points in the city. He was captured by the authorities on four occasions, but escaped in 1972 and was re-apprehended for the last time in 1972, unable to resist arrest. In 1994 he was accepted into the Movement of Popular Participation, a political party that covered many political and related military crimes committed since 1962. In 1999 he was elected in the general elections and was elected as a deputy senator.
In 2004 he was the top candidate within Broad Front coalition, consolidating its position as the top political force within the coalition and a major force behind the victory of the presidential election. In 2008 he became the Minister of Livestock, Agriculture, and Fisheries, and a Senator afterwards. In 2010 he was again elected to the Senate, re-elected to the general election and the presidential elections of that year, and in 2011 he was inaugurated as President of the Republic of Uruguay. He died in a car crash in February 2014, aged 80. He had been suffering from auditory hallucinations and related forms of paranoia. He also suffered from mental health problems. He suffered from auditory hallucinations and related form of paranoia and other mental issues. In 1985, when constitutional democracy was restored, Mujicas joined other left-wing organisations to create the Movement for Popular Participation (MPP), a party that was accepted within the Broadfront coalition. In all, MuJica and eight other Tupamaro were especially chosen to remain under military custody and in squalid conditions. In 1990 he was chosen to be the top presidential candidate and thus consolidating MPP’s position within the political coalition. He spent 13 years in captivity and was confined to the bottom of an old, emptied horse-watering trough for more than two years. He escaped Punta Carretas Prison in September 1971 by digging a tunnel that opened up at the living room of a nearby home.